While growing up, I heard my dad talk about “Lloyd Robinette, the Perry Mason of Blackwater”. Perhaps this was due to his help in preventing my grandfather from going to the Western front during WWI. Either way, I decided that I wanted to learn more about this man.
Anyone familiar with Blackwater has heard of the Robinette family. There were among the earliest settlers in Blackwater. They have run the Robinette Funeral Home for many generations. Through the years, they have also run a general store and restaurant. The 2-story Robinette brick home stood for many years directly across from the funeral home.
Secrist, M. (2013-02-01). Lee County, Virginia: History Revealed Through Biographical and Genealogical Sketches of Its Ancestors (Kindle Locations 1476-1486). . Kindle Edition.
Robinette, Lloyd M., a lawyer in his native County of Lee and the common-wealth’s attorney, was one of the distinguished alumni of Roanoke College and the University of Virginia. He represents several of the old Colonial families of Virginia, and is eligible to membership in the Sons of the American Revolution. Mr. Robinette was born at Blackwater in Lee County, Virginia, March 26, 1880. The Robinette family is of French Huguenot ancestry. They left France during the era of Protestant persecution, first going to Bavaria, where the Huguenots fared little better, and then emigrated to Wales and then to Chester. When William Penn fitted out his expedition to America they accompanied him to Penn’s Woods, and from Pennsylvania came to Virginia. Among the fore-fathers of Lloyd M. Robinette were three successive Samuel Robinettes. Samuel III, born in Richmond, Virginia, in 1760, was the pioneer of the family in Lee County, Virginia, where he died in 1850. He married Anne Osborne, who was born in Grayson County, Virginia, in 1765, and died in Lee County in 1863. Their son, Isaac H. Robinette, was the grandfather of the Jonesville attorney. Isaac H. Robinette was born in Grayson County, Virginia, in 1802, and married Martha Stapleton, who was born in Lee County in 1804. Her father, a great-grandfather of Lloyd M. Robinette, was William Stapleton, a soldier of the Revolutionary War. Samuel R. Robinette, son of Isaac H. and Martha (Stapleton) Robinette, was born July 9, 1839, and was reared on a farm in Lee County. When the War Between the States broke out he espoused the cause of the South, entering Company B of the Twenty-fifth Virginia Cavalry. He was in service with this command until June, 1864, when he was captured at the battle of Piedmont. For nine months he suffered great privations and hardships as a prisoner at Camp Morton, Indiana. In June, 1870, in Hancock County, Tennessee, he married Narcissa Lindsay, who died October 13, 1893. She was born June 5, 1850, in Cass County, Illinois, daughter of Alexander Jennings and Elizabeth (Baldwin) Lindsay. Alexander J. Lindsay was born in Meadville, Pennsylvania, May 27, 1818, the son of Jesse and Catherine Lindsay, and died in Cass County, Illinois, in 1850. Elizabeth Baldwin, mother of Narcissa Lindsay, was born in Hawkins County, Tennessee, November 6, 1814, and was married December 25, 1842. She was a daughter of John and Elizabeth (Newberry) Baldwin, of Bedford County, Virginia. John Baldwin was a son of James Baldwin, born in Killarney, Ireland, and his wife, Elizabeth Ferrell, born in Dublin, Ireland. James Baldwin was another Revolutionary ancestor of the county attorney, fighting for American independence for seven years, and returned to his home on a short furlough only once during the entire period. Samuel R. Robinette and wife were the parents of eight children: Mary E., born April 6, 1872; Charles J., born June 1, 1875; Sarah C., born October 20, 1877; Lloyd M., born March 26, 1880; Lewis E., born October 25, 1882; Ida M., born May 5, 1885; Lillie B., born December 27, 1887; and Amos O., born April 9, 1891. Five of these children resided in Lee County.
Lloyd M. Robinette grew up in a rural community, attended the local schools until the age of eighteen, and became a teacher as a stepping stone to a higher education and a professional career. He taught in the public schools of Lee County for a period of five years. For three years he was a student in the Jonesville Academy, and in 1904 he entered Roanoke College, where he was graduated with the second honors of his class and the Bachelor of Arts degree in June, 1906. After a year of travel he entered the law department of the University of Virginia in September, 1907, and received the Bachelor of Laws degree in June, 1909. Following his graduation he was elected an instructor in the law department of the university, and remained there until June, 1911, when he resigned to engage in private practice.
While a student at Roanoke, Mr. Robinette was editor-in-chief of the Roanoke Collegian, a monthly literary magazine, was twice president of the Demosthenian Literary Society and assistant editor-in-chief of Roentgen Rays. In the university he was associate editor of College Topics, associate editor of the Alumni Bulletin, president of the Jefferson Literary Society, member of the Jefferson Chapter of the Phi Alpha Delta law fraternity, and since its formation was a member and president of the Virginia Chapter of the honorary legal fraternity Order of Coif. He served as president of the general Alumni Association of Roanoke College from 1916 to 1922, and as chairman of the Executive Committee was in active charge of the Alumni Organization in raising the half million dollar endowment for Roanoke College in 1920. Mr. Robinette was admitted to the bar in June, 1909. Since September, 1911, his industry and recognized abilities brought him unusual success as a practicing attorney at Jonesville. Besides his office as commonwealth’s attorney he was commissioner of accounts for Lee County and also inheritance commissioner. During the World War he was chairman of the Pledge Card Campaign, chairman of the Lee County Chapter of the Red Cross, chairman of the War Savings Committee for Lee County, chairman of the Legal Advisory Board for the county and identified with all other phases of the patriotic program in his home county. He was a democrat and a member of the Masonic Order. [History of Virginia, Vol. VI, 1924]
Posted in Family Stories by Jeff Roberts with 3 comments.
State Route 604 begins at State Route 421 in Duffield, Virginia, and runs through Pattonsville, Blackwater and Jonesville on its way to the Tennessee state line. On the Virginia side, it is named “Doctor Andrew Jackson Osborne Highway”. Those familiar with the area will know that there are many Osbornes from there. So why was this particular Osborne’s name given to the highway?
Dr. Andrew Jackson Osborne was born in Blackwater, Virginia, on February 14, 1869. He was the son of James Knox Polk Osborne and Elizabeth Robinette (another famous local name) Osborne. He had one sibling, Enoch Osborne born in 1877. He had two spouses, Polly Fisher Osborne, born in 1870, and Ollie J. Stacy Osborne, born in 1879. Through his two wives, he had 15 children. You can find their names here: http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=82058132
Although his families were impressive, that isn’t what brought this man his fame. My father told me that he was one of the earliest DO’s, Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine. This form of medical care was founded in 1874 by Andrew Taylor Still, MD, who decided while serving as a physician during the Civil War that the “orthodox” approaches to medical care weren’t sufficient and were sometimes harmful. Osteopathy takes a “whole body” or “holistic” approach and focused on prevention more than treatment. The first school of osteopathic medicine was opened in Kirksville, MO, in 1892. This would have made AJ Osborne a pioneer in the new field. For a history of osteopathic medicine, go here: http://www.aacom.org/become-a-doctor/about-om/history
The following information is from the Moore Family of Virginia and Kentucky Genealogy site at http://www.genealogy.com/ftm/h/o/w/Peggy-C-Howell/WEBSITE-0001/UHP-0554.html
Andrew Jackson (Doc) Osborne (son of James Knox Polk Osborne and Elizabeth Robinette)451 was born February 14, 1869 in Blackwater, Lee County, Virginia, U.S.A.451, and died April 08, 1937 in Blackwater, Lee County, Virginia, U.S.A.451.He married Polly Fisher.
Notes for Andrew Jackson (Doc) Osborne:
He was a Blackwater, VA physician for more than 40 years. He trained under Dr. William ROBINETTE and made house calls on his horse ‘Old Joe’. He had a good treatment record for the flu epidemic of 1917-18. He was a Mason, Odd Fellow, and member of the Blackwater Lick (Big Door) Church. He served three months in the Atlanta penitentiary for prescribing morphine to a Mr. HOBBS; he was turned in by Mr. ELY.
He was born on the Caleb Hurd Farm.
Here is some more information from Janet Gover’s Blog-Stories within stories… within stories at http://janetgover.com/?p=4021
People would walk for miles to visit his (Dr. AJ Osborne’s) medicine house and he would also travel on horseback to see patients long distances away. It was said he often slept on that horse’s back. When he reached the medicine house, the horse would nudge the door to make enough noise to wake the doc.
He never charged his patients – but those who could pay something, did.
He was particularly distressed by the infant mortality rates in the mountains – and tragically ten of his own children died at birth or in early infancy.
Doc Osborne ministered to the people all his life and was poor all his life. When he died in April 1937 the Rev Frank Phipps had to find a suit for him to be buried in.
Janet found the information on Dr. AJ Osborne at the Museum of Appalachia in Clinton, Tennessee, where Dr. Andy’s entire office is on display. Here is their website: http://museumofappalachia.org
But the best website containing Dr. AJ Osborne’s story can be found at The Country Doctor and Natural Medicine Newsletter at http://www.jmcnaturalmedicine.com/dr-amjad-library-book-1.html. There’s simply too much information to put on my page. But I highly recommend reading it. He was quite a man.
Posted in Local History by Jeff Roberts with 2 comments.
With it being 100 years since the beginning of World War I, I’m reminded of the story my Dad told me about how Grandpa Roberts was saved at the last minute from having to go to Europe. The United States declared war on Germany on April 6, 1917. It enacted the Selective Service Act on May 18, 1917. This required all men ages 21 to 30 to register for military service. It also allowed the US to draft 2.8 million men for the war. My grandfather was one of those men. Below is his registration card.
Grandpa was drafted and sent to Fort Meade, Maryland for basic training. While there, Grandma Roberts had a dream that if he went to Europe, he would not return. Grandpa also wrote home that he believed that if he went overseas, he would die there. Grandma went to Great Grandpa Wallen and begged him to do something. They went to their congressman and asked if he could do something. This was humbling for them since they were staunch republicans and the congressman was a democrat.
For some reason, Grandpa Roberts replied “No” on his registration card when asked if there was anyone dependent on him for their livelihood. Since this was untrue, the congressman was able to get Grandpa exempted on a hardship basis. He was pulled out of line while waiting to board the ship that would have taken him to Europe and likely his death. If that had happened, my Father would have never been born.
Posted in Family Stories by Jeff Roberts with 2 comments.
The area of the Cumberland Gap was very strategic during the Civil War. It traded hands a few times in various engagements. The 64th Mounted Virginia Infantry, of which Jesse Roberts was a member, fought in the last battle. It was a disaster for the Confederate forces, who surrendered without a fight. The Confederate prisoners were taken to Camp Douglas in Chicago. They probably regretted their decision then. I can find no prisoner of war record for Jesse. So he was probably one of the 100-300 Confederates who escaped through the Union lines. Or he may have joined after this battle.
The September 7–9, 1863 fall of the Cumberland Gap was a victory for Union forces under the command of Ambrose Burnside during his campaign for Knoxville. The bloodless engagement cost the Confederates 2,300 men and control of the Cumberland Gap.
Major General Ambrose Burnside, commander of the Department and Army of the Ohio, began to advance against Knoxville, Tennessee. Burnside left Cincinnati, Ohio in mid-August 1863. The direct route ran through the Confederate-held Cumberland Gap. Burnside had been delayed in earlier attempts to move out against Knoxville and thus chose not to spend the time to force a passage of the gap. Instead he detached one brigade under Colonel John F. DeCourcy to pose a threat to Brigadier General John W. Frazer‘s 2,300 man garrison, while the rest of the army bypassed to the south over 40 miles in rugged mountainous terrain. DeCourcy had previously led a brigade in the 1862 operations against the Cumberland Gap under George W. Morgan.
Despite this, Burnside made a rapid advance on Knoxville. Many of the Confederates in eastern Tennessee had been withdrawn for the upcoming Battle of Chickamauga, leaving only two brigades under General Sam Jones (including Frazer’s). Having successfully occupied Knoxville on September 2, Burnside could now return his attention to the Cumberland Gap.
Frazer and his 2,300-man garrison had little combat experience, yet they had the benefit of a strong natural defense. Frazer’s men supplemented this by digging their own trenches. General Simon B. Buckner had given Frazer orders to hold the gap at all cost, yet when Buckner and all his troops were redeployed, no contingency had been formulated for retreat and therefore Frazer continued following his orders from Buckner to hold the gap. DeCourcy’s brigade threatened the Confederates from the north, but his brigade alone was not enough to force Frazer out of the gap. Burnside dispatched a second brigade under Brigadier General James M. Shackelford. Shackelford approached from the south and, on September 7, asked for Frazer’s surrender. There were still not enough Union troops to convince Frazer to surrender. An ineffectual exchange of artillery followed but that evening Union soldier captured Gap Springs, the Confederate water supply. On September 8 Burnside personally left Knoxville with a brigade under Colonel Samuel A. Gilbertand marched 60 miles in just over a day. Meanwhile both DeCourcy and Shackelford sent messages demanding surrender. Attempting to buy time, Frazer met with the two Union commanders separately, but rejected surrender demands from both.
Around 10:00 a.m. on September 9, Burnside sent a message to Frazer stating he now had a large enough force to carry the gap by storm. The large Union force, little combat experience and low morale (after news of Vicksburg andGettysburg) all factored into Frazer’s decision to surrender. Around 3:00 p.m. Frazer agreed to an unconditional surrender of all the Confederates guarding the Cumberland Gap. Between 100-300 men managed to escape through DeCourcy’s lines after the surrender had taken place, but the rest of the soldiers, arms, 14 pieces of artillery and the strategic location were now in Union control. This was the last major operation against the Cumberland Gap and it would remain in Union hands for the rest of the war.
Department of the Ohio – Maj. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside
- Independent Brigade, IX Corps – Colonel John F. DeCourcy
- 3rd Brigade, 4th Division, XXIII Corps – Brig. Gen. James M. Shackelford
- 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, XXIII Corps – Colonel Samuel A. Gilbert
- 5th Brigade, Army of Tennessee – Brig. Gen. John W. Frazer
- 62nd North Carolina Infantry Regiment – Major B. G. McDowell
- 64th North Carolina Infantry Regiment – Lieutenant Colonel Garrett
- 55th Georgia Infantry Regiment – Major Printup
- 64th Virginia Infantry Regiment – Colonel Slemp
- 1st Tennessee Cavalry Regiment – Colonel Carter
- 29th North Carolina Infantry Regiment Company E.
Posted in Family Stories by Jeff Roberts with 2 comments.
After discovering that my great, great, great grandfather, Jesse Roberts, was a Private in the 64th Mounted Infantry of Virginia, I wanted to find out what battles they fought. Apparently, 130 men of the 64th fought in the battle of Jonesville and were key to a Confederate victory.
Jonesville is the county seat of Lee County and is strategically located near the Cumberland Gap.
Here is an interesting description of the battle.
Battle of Jonesville
(The Frozen Fight)
January 3, 1864
David Chaltas and Richard Brown
The year of 1864 was in its infancy being only three days old. A blanket of wintry weather covered the area with a frozen glaze and the hearts of men were frozen by the war as well as the cold. War at any time is a terribly hard experience but to fight in the extremely freezing weather during January of 1864 is inconceivable. During the Civil War there were no special winter clothing such as Gore-Tex lined coats or boots. Neither were there any waterproof gloves or thermal knit underwear. Both armies were usually scantily clothed with the boys in blue slightly better off than their brothers in gray. Rubber coated blankets were a luxury very few soldiers had and good boots even less available. Horror stories of soldiers marching without shoes or socks were common among the whisperers of tales. Winter was dreaded and as the temperature fell below the 0 mark to 6 below all became chilled to the bone. With all that suffering came the added worry that someone was trying to kill you. Unfortunately for some of the troops in the Powell River Valley, a fierce frozen fight was in store for them. The battle would be fought on one of the coldest January mornings of the war. On January 3, 1864, a battle in Jonesville, Virginia would be remembered by the men who fought there as The Frozen Fight.
Jonesville is a small town located in the Powell River Valley in Lee County, Virginia. The valley is known for its fertile and productive fields. Unfortunately for the farmers and citizens in this area, both union and confederate armies were well aware of that fact. Both would need to forage the area to maintain the existence of their men, as supplies were hard to transport into the area. The area was totally enclosed on the north and south by mountain ranges. Jonesville was uniquely located. It was less than four miles south of Harlan County, Kentucky and six miles north of Hancock County, Tennessee. The Union stronghold of Cumberland Gap and Tazewell, Tennessee was not very far to the west. The Confederate stronghold of Rogersville, Tennessee was just to the south of the sprawling little town. The roads to all of these areas connected at Jonesville, such as spokes of a wheel with the town being the hub. This fielder has suggested that there exists a similarity to Gettysburg in terms of both being the hub of action and that destiny would meet both parties when both parties found each other at that location.
The union commander of the region was Colonel W.C. Lemert who spent most of his time traveling between Cumberland Gap and Tazewell. His subordinate was Major Charles H. Beeres, a West Pointer. Major Beeres was considered by many citizens of the area to be a supporter of total warfare, much like General Sherman. His troops burnt the courthouse in Jonesville for no apparent reason. He later burnt the Franklin Academy under the excuse that it was being used as a confederate hospital. Most of the citizens of the Powell River Valley area despised and feared him. Since most confederate soldiers in this area had family and friends here, they harbored ill feelings toward him as well. The confederates hoped for a chance to catch him on one of his foraging parties and to defeat him, exacting some revenge. They would soon get their wish as Colonel Lemert ordered Major Beeres to take the 16th Illinois Cavalry and the 22ndOhio Battery, a force of approximately four hundred-fifty men and attack the small confederate force camped near Jonesville.
General William ” Grumble” Jones, CSA, was the commanding officer of the Department of southwest Virginia and east Tennessee. He was a very capable and daring leader, believing in leading from the front. This courage and daring would later cost him dearly as he would lay down his life on the altar of freedom for the cause that he was devoted. On June 5, 1864, he would be killed while leading his men at the Battle of Piedmont in the Shenandoah Valley. General Jones was headquartered in December of 1863 in Rogersville, Tennessee. General Jones received a courier on December 31 from Lieutenant Colonel Auburn Pridemore of the 64th Virginia Mounted Infantry. The message that was delivered reported that Lieutenant Colonel Pridemore had been informed by reliable sources that Major Beeres had left Tazewell and was moving on Jonesville. General Jones as much as anyone wanted to rid the country of Major Beeres and his men, considering them scourges of the earth. He immediately assembled a force of men and left Rogersville on the bitterly cold morning of December 31, 1863. His thrown together force included the 8th, 21st, 27th and 37thVirginia Battalions. The 64th and the 10th Kentucky Mounted Rifles (later in the spring of 1865 they were reorganized and designated as the 13th Kentucky Cavalry) were camped just outside of Jonesville at Yocum’s Station. A trap was in the making.
The trip from Rogersville to Jonesville was a bitterly cold one for the gray-clad cavaliers, artillery, and infantry that marched with General Jones, with some reports of temperatures of minus six degrees. At least one soldier would freeze to death on this cold ride, with some reports of as many as four men freezing to death. The Yankee soldiers would suffer on their trip from Tazewell to Jonesville as well, though no men from their unit were reported to have frozen to death. The deaths of the Rebel soldiers may have been contributed to them having to ford the Powell River, enhancing the killing power of the deadly cold. Jones would spend the night of December 31 at Bean’s Station, Tennessee and by the second of January were in the Powell River Valley, west of Jonesville. He noted in his official reports that at every stop along the way, fires would be started and that some men could not be started when the march would restart. Major Beeres arrived and set up camp at Jonesville on approximately the same day that Pridemore and his men had melted into the cold woods on the east side of the town, not yet engaging the Yankees. All Rebel soldiers in the area that were home on leave or convalescing were called on to help entrap the union forces. The call that went out did not have to be repeated twice, Beeres and his men were hated all up and down the valley. Pridemore had approximately two hundred-thirty men (130 men of the 64th and 100 men of the 10th Kentucky) to confront Beeres and his men.
Major Beeres knew that a small force of confederates were in his front on the east side of Jonesville but he did not know that General Jones was moving up on his flanks with a considerable force of men. He set his artillery (the 22nd Ohio Battery) on the high hill west of town facing Pridemore. On the bitterly cold morning of January 3, 1864, the 64th charged into Jonesville, pushing the union pickets back. Pridemore had Major James B. Richmond take command of a portion of the 64th on the right. He then ordered Captain David J. Caudill to form his men of the 10th on the left. As the attack began, Pridemore saw that the right flank could be over run. He then brought the men of the 64th that were in reserve over to the right, moving Major Richmond and his men to along side Captain Caudill and his men of the 10th. Amazingly the Rebel soldiers kept up a steady fire. Normal loading of an Enfield rifle under combat conditions can be an un-nerving experience but one cannot imagine trying to load and fire a muzzle-loading gun with frozen hands. Many a cartridge and primer cap probably hit the ground.
Pridemore saw that the Yankee line was wavering, and came to the realization that the time was right to charge the enemy. With a rebel yell that permeated the mountains and valleys, the entire length of the 64th and the 10th surged forward, valiantly charging into the shot and canister of the Yankee artillery. Amazingly they overtook the artillery and captured it. The Rebel soldiers were probably glad to charge, as the running would warm their cold bodies. At this point of the battle, Major Beeres managed to stop his retreating troops whom outnumbered the confederates in their front and counterattacked. They were successful and pushed the Rebels back, recapturing the cannons. Again the cannons were turned on the Rebel forces in the front of the Yankee lines. At this time General Jones and his men arrived on the flank of the Yankee soldiers and pressed the union forces from their entrenchments. Major Beeres knew he was in a trap and tried to flee north on the Harlan Road towards Cranks Gap that lead into Kentucky. Pridemore already knew that this was the only escape route for the Yankees and immediately moved the 64th and the 10th to the north and cut them off. Major Beeres knew that further resistance would be futile, and raised a white flag. Adjutant J.A.G. Hyatt of the 64th approached Major Beeres to accept his surrender, but in his arrogant style, the Major refused to surrender to someone of less rank that his own. Before hostilities could begin again, Lieutenant Colonel Pridemore arrived upon the scene and accepted the surrender of Major Beeres and his men. Lieutenant Colonel Pridemore would use the Major’s sword and pistol for the remainder of the war. General Jones and his men arrived shortly on the scene. Though not having to fight in the battle as much as the 64th and the 10th, they were instrumental in capturing almost all of Major Beeres’ force. The ride they had conducted would be relived whenever the story of the frozen fight was told.
The casualties of this frozen fight were high for the Union Army, approximately 350 captured including 48 wounded and 12 killed in action. The Confederate Army had four killed and 12 wounded soldiers. The cold but exuberant rebel soldiers captured almost 400 guns and other needed supplies. Also an additional three pieces of artillery and 27 support wagons were now in the Confederate arsenal. Major Beeres and his men were sent to prisoner of war camps, with most of them being sent to Andersonville Prison. Lieutenant Colonel Pridemore was promoted to Colonel for his successful role in ridding the valley of the threat of total warfare. He was also accredited with the following verse:
“No area ever had truer sons,
No cause, nobler champions,
No people, bolder defenders-
Than the boys in Gray from Lee.”
Lieutenant Colonel Pridemore would state in his official report that the 64th and the 10th had fought gallantly. The camaraderie and friendship between these two units would continue throughout the war. They would fight alongside each other throughout the East Tennessee campaign and in battles in Virginia including the Battle of Saltville. Tragically, General William “Grumble” Jones would not survive the war. The people of the Powell River Valley always honored the brave general with reverence when they spoke of him. They realized what he and his men had gone through to rid them of the constant threat of total warfare. Though the war would continue through another cold winter, the men who participated in this battle would forever more remember it as “The Frozen Fight”. Mother Nature had increased the hardships of war, possibly to teach both warring sides the warmer side of peace.
Adjutant Reports, Confederate States of America
Adjutant Reports, United States of America
Battle of Jonesville; Civil War Days Publication; May 31-June 2, 2002; pages 3-7
Battle of Jonesville; Richmond Sentinel; January 16, 1864
Report of Brigadier General William E. Jones, C.S. Army Commanding Cavalry Brigade; Headquarters Jones’ Cavalry Brigade; Jonesville, Virginia; January 7, 1864
Report of Brigadier General William E. Jones, C.S. Army Headquarters Jones’ Cavalry; Morgan’s Farm; Lee County, Virginia; March 14, 1864
64th Virginia Infantry Regimental History; Weaver Jeffery; H.E. Howard Publisher; Copyright 1992;
Posted in Family Stories by Jeff Roberts with 2 comments.
Jesse Roberts, my great, great, great-grandfather, served in this regiment. Here is it’s description from Wikipedia.org:
The 64th Virginia Mounted Infantry Regiment, consisting of troops raised in Lee, Scott, Wise and Buchanan counties in Virginia for service in the Confederate States Armyduring the American Civil War, served as an infantry regiment, a cavalry regiment, and a mounted infantry (dragoon) unit. It fought mostly in western Virginia and Tennessee.
The 64th Regiment Virginia Mounted Infantry was organized in December 1862 in Abingdon, by consolidating the 21st and 29th Virginia Infantry Battalions. Prior to September 1, 1863, it was known as the 64th Virginia Infantry, and after that date it was also called the 64th Virginia Cavalry.
On September 9, a large part of this unit was captured at Cumberland Gap by Union General Ambrose Burnside. Which led to many of the captured men being sent toLouisville,Kentucky then later to Camp Douglas (Chicago). Later it served in Williams’, Giltner’s, and W.E. Jones’ Brigade and confronted the Federals in various conflicts in East Tennessee, Western Virginia, and North Carolina.
During April 1864, it totaled 268 effectives, but in April 1865, less than 50 disbanded.
Here is a link to a page that shows that Jesse was a Private in this regiment: http://civil-war-soldiers.findthedata.org/l/4730730/Jesse-Roberts
Here is the roster. You’ll see many familiar Lee County surnames:
Posted in Family Stories by Jeff Roberts with 2 comments.
I found this excerpt from “Selected Roberts Papers: Seven Generations of a Southern Lineage” by Charles Stewart Roberts, M.D., and was very excited by it. You can read it here.
Posted in Family Stories by Jeff Roberts with 3 comments.
If I have tracked my family back correctly, they came from the Deal, Kent, area of England to the United States. But, reportedly they were originally from Scotland. I have been trying to find the reason why they moved. I found the following post from a John Roberts who is originally from Scotland but migrated to the Kent area in recent years. It’s at http://www.clansandnames.org/forum/read.php?1,103.
“The Roberts family originated in the highlands of Scotland. During the Reign of Malcolm a member of the Roberts family caused offence to a member of Malcolm’s family which resulted in that part of the Roberts family leaving Scotland and settling in Kent, Southern England. They flourished there for several years around the existing town of Robertsbridge. The Roberts family split 3 ways. One part stayed in the Kent area, a second part moved to East Anglia and the 3rd part moved to Wales. When the problem with King Malcolm occurred, half the family remained in Scotland. So it becomes difficult to determine your true lineage. At the time of Culloden, many Scots went to America and Canada, while others went to the far East. An example of the Roberts in East Anglia is the former Prime Minister of the UK, Margaret Thatcher, whose maiden name was Roberts. I am Scottish, born in Glasgow, moved to London when 13, married with 3 children who now live in Kent. So I took Scottish Roberts to live alongside their ancient family.”
January 12, 2013 06:33AM
Posted in Family History, Family Stories by Jeff Roberts with 1 comment.
Here is a link to a site that has a record for a property dispute in 1868 between Jesse G and Ursley (Bledsoe) Roberts and her brother Winder Bledsoe after their Father had died.
Jesse and Ursley were my great, great grandparents.
Posted in Family Stories by Jeff Roberts with 2 comments.
When one hears the name “Lee”, typically Robert E. Lee comes to mind. However, it is named after Robert E. Lee’s father, “Light Horse Harry” Lee.
Light Horse Harry’s real name was Henry Lee III. Here is a synopsis of his military career from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Lee_III:
Lee graduated from the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University) in 1773, and began pursuing a legal career. With the outbreak of the Revolutionary War, he became a captain in a Virginia dragoon detachment, which was attached to the 1st Continental Light Dragoons. In 1778, Lee was promoted to major and given the command of a mixed corps of cavalry and infantry known as Lee’s Legion, with which he won a great reputation as a leader of light troops.
It was during his time as commander of the Legion that Lee earned the sobriquet of “Light-Horse Harry” for his horsemanship. On September 22, 1779 the Continental Congress voted to present Lee with a gold medal—a reward given to no other officer below a general’s rank—for the Legion’s actions during the Battle of Paulus Hook in New Jersey, on August 19 of that year.
Lee was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel and was assigned with his Legion to the southern theater of war. Lee’s Legion raided the British outpost of Georgetown, South Carolina with General Francis Marion in January 1781 and helped screen the American army in their Race to the Dan River the following month. Lee united with General Francis Marion the Swamp Fox and General Andrew Pickens in the spring of 1781 to capture numerous British outposts in South Carolina and Georgia including Fort Watson, Fort Motte, Fort Granby, Fort Galphin, Fort Grierson, and Fort Cornwallis, Augusta, Georgia. They conducted a campaign of terror and intimidation against Loyalists in the region, highlighted in Pyle’s Massacre. Lee and his legion also served at the Battle of Guilford Court House, the Siege of Ninety-Six, and the Battle of Eutaw Springs. He was present at Cornwallis‘s surrender at Yorktown, but left the Army shortly after claiming fatigue and disappointment with his treatment from fellow officers. During the infamous Whiskey Rebellion, Lee commanded the 13,000 militiamen sent to quash the rebels.
Henry was the Governor of Virginia in 1793 when Lee County was formed from Russell County. It was named in his honor.
Posted in Family Stories by Jeff Roberts with no comments yet.
Although I could not find a historical reference for this, it’s most likely that Blackwater takes its name from the Blackwater Creek that runs through it and then Southwest into Hancock County, Tennessee. You can see a map of it here: http://www.placekeeper.com/Virginia/Map/Blackwater_Creek-1463534.html. This very creek runs through my parents’ property.
Any time that a river or stream contained tannins from trees and soil that make it dark, it is referred to as “blackwater”. So, this is the likely reason for the name. It’s also interesting to note that there is a Blackwater River in Southeast Virginia and a Blackwater Creek in Lynchburg, Virginia. There is also a Blackwater River in Ireland. It’s also possible that the name was brought here by the Scots-Irish settlers.
When my Uncle Paul Baker bought land in Milton, Florida, and convinced his parents to move there, they named the canal that went through the area the Blackwater Canal. They also named their road Blackwater Drive. These names were in honor of their former home place. Ironically, there is also a Blackwater River that runs near there.
Posted in Family Stories by Jeff Roberts with 1 comment.
One of the reasons that my ancestors settled in Blackwater, Virginia, was due to the salt lick located near where the Blackwater Post Office is/was located today. This attracted abundant game and provided a source for salt to preserve their meat.
I was searching for other references to it and was pleased to see that Wikipeida had linked to my web site as a source of information for the Blackwater salt lick. Please see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salt_lick.
Blackwater Lick Primitive Baptist Church, also known as “Big Door”, was named after the nearby salt lick when it was organized on September 27, 1847. This church is currently located on Route 604 directly across the street from the old Blackwater School. Here is a helpful website that gives some details: http://www.associationofprimitivebaptists.org/2002proceedings.html.
Here is another reference from the family line for Doswell Rogers at http://www.crossedbrushstudio.com/windowsintoourpast/Vol7/doswellrogers.htm.
Joseph Rogers had an agreement with old William Roberts whereby he acquired an equitable interest to 1/8th to four tracts of land lying on Blackwater and including in one tract the same interest to the Blackwater saltworks. The legal Title to the last was still in William Roberts name at the time of Joseph Rogers death and the widow, Susannah Rogers who was then m. to James Walling was entitled to one third of one eight of the said land as her dower, Since she wanted to sell these lands the title had to be cleared.
In 1819 and in 1821 Susannah ( Rogers ) Wallen was trying to clear the Title to land in which she had interest as her Dower Right. The case eventually settles out of court for her Dower interest in the land. From what I have here, it appears that William Roberts (brother-in-law of Joseph Rogers ) sold her Dower and she then took it to court. A settlement was reached while the children were still under age.
Deed Book 5 – pages 5, 6, 7 Lee County, Virginia[xlvi]
Joseph Rogers had an agreement with old William Roberts [husband of Catherine Rogers , sister of Joseph] whereby he acquired an equitable interest to 1/8th to four tracts of land lying on Blackwater and including in one tract the same interest to the Blackwater saltworks. The legal Title to the last was still in William Roberts name at the time of Joseph Rogers death and the widow, Susannah Rogers who was then m. to James Walling was entitled to one third of one eight of the said land as her dower, Since she wanted to sell these lands the title had to be cleared.
However, we find that her children take the case back to Court in 1842. All the parties in the suit are related to one another.
Chancery Order Book 1 – 1832-1868 – page 90 – Lee County Virginia[xlvii]
At Rules held in the Clerk’s office of the Circuit Superior Court of Law and Chancery, for Lee County, on Monday the 7th day of November 1842.
Henry Rogers , Edley H. Rogers , William M. Davis and Louisa his wife, formerly Louisa Rogers and Thomas Russell and Lucinda his wife , formerly Lucinda Rogers heirs at Law of Joseph Rogers , deceased.
Complaint against: James Roberts , William Roberts , Thomas Roberts , John Robert s , Jesse Roberts , Emanuel Roberts , George B. Roberts and Jesse Robinett and Susan his wife, heirs of William Roberts, deceased and Emanual Roberts , Elizabeth Roberts and Joseph Roberts , heirs at law of Joseph Roberts, deceased and George Rogers , Commodore Rogers , Mary Rogers and Joseph Rogers , heirs of Elizabeth Rogers , deceased. And Sally Lawson , Peggy Lawson , Susan Lawson and Catherine Lawson , heirs of Mary Lawson , deceased. Defendants
The defendants, James Roberts , William Roberts , George B. Roberts , George Rogers , Commodore Rogers , Mary Rogers , and Joseph Rogers , not having entered their appearance and give security according to the Act of Assembly and the Rules of this Court and it appearing from satisfactory evidence that they are not inhabitants of this commonwealth, it is ordered that the Defendants do appear here on the first Monday in February next and answer the bill of the complaints and that a copy of this order be forwith inserted in some public newspaper published in this commonwealth for two months successively, and posted at the front door of the Courthouse of this County.
Posted in Family Stories by Jeff Roberts with 1 comment.
I remember Dad telling me that my great-grandpa, Elbert Roberts, attended a German Baptist Church in Blackwater. The German Baptist were also known as “Dunkers” since they believed in completely immersing a person three times during baptism. They are commonly known as the Church of the Brethren today.
I have tried to find a location for this church in Blackwater, Virginia without success. However, I did find the following reference to it at a very information Church of the Brethren website, http://www.cob-net.org/antietam/dunkers.htm :
What did the Dunkers believe concerning slavery, at the official denominational level? Since the Dunkers or Brethren had migrated from Pennsylvania into a few southern States (Maryland, Virginia) with significant slave populations, the issue of slavery would inevitably confront them denominationally at their Annual Conference. The earliest record of an official mention was in their Annual Conference minutes for 1797, held at Blackwater, Virginia: “It was considered good, and also concluded unanimously, that no brother or sister should have negroes as slaves; and in case a brother or sister had such he or she was to set them free.”  This had the effect of barring members from Communion and even disfellowshipping those who persisted in retaining slaves. Again the issue was similarly reflected in the minutes of the 1713 Conference held at Coventry, Pennsylvania.”
This is interesting since my direct ancestors fought for the Union although they were Southerners.
German Baptists or Dunkers typically dressed similarly to the Amish and Mennonites. They could be easily identified by their beards with no mustaches. This reminds me of a story that Dad and Grandpa Baker told me when I was a kid. I’m not sure if it was based on a real story or just a joke, but here is how it goes:
A German Baptist was riding a train and noticed that the man sitting across from him kept staring at him. Finally, the man asked him, “Why do you wear your beard that way?”. The German Baptist replied that he was a Dunker. The man responded, “Well, I like to have a drink or two myself. But I still don’t understand why you wear your beard that way.”
I hope that I didn’t offend you. My Dad and Grandpa got tickled when they told that story.
If you have any more information on the German Baptist Church in Blackwater, I would love to hear it. I have found a possible former location on the Blackwater Creek. But I only have GPS coordinates for it.
Posted in Family History, Family Stories, Local History by Jeff Roberts with 2 comments.
Immigrant Ships Transcribers Guild
Anne & Little James
The ship Anne arrived the latter part of June, and the Little James a week or ten days later. A number of the passengers were the wives and children of persons already in the Colony. “The ship Anne arrived in Plymouth in July, 1623 accompanied by the Little James, bringing new settlers along with many of the wives and children that had been left behind in Leyden when the Mayflower departed in 1620.” Emigrant Ancestors, John Camden Hotten, 1874
“Built by the Plymouth Adventurers to remain at the Colony___ Burthen: 44 tons” William Peirce, Master Anne Emanuel Althan, Captain Little James John Bridges, Master Little James
Columns represent: Name, Occupation and notes, Last Residence, Place in New Colony they resided
1 Anthony Annable All Saints, Cambridge Scituate 2 Jane Annable wife 3 Sarah Annable daughter 4 Hannah Annable daughter listed only as daughters in Hotten's 5 Edward Bangs shipwright Panfield, Essex Eastham 6 Lydia Bangs wife - not listed in Hotten's 7 Jonathan Bangs son - not listed in Hotten's 8 John Bangs son - not listed in Hotten's 9 Robert Bartlett 10 Fear Brewster daughter of Elder Wm. Brewster 11 Patience Brewster daughter of Elder Wm. Brewster 12* William Bridges London 13 Mary Buckett otherwise listed as Mary Becket 14* Edward Burchere 15* Mrs. Burchere 16 Thomas Clarke 17 Christopher Conant grocer St. Lawrence, London also listed from Holland 18 Hester Cooke wife of Francis 19 Jane Cooke daughter - not listed in Hotten's 20 Jacob Cooke son - not listed in Hotten's 21 Hester Cooke daughter - not listed in Hotten's 22 Anthony Dix 23 John Faunce Purleigh, Essex 24 Manasseh Faunce Not in Planters 25 Elizabeth Flavell wife of Thomas Flavell, who came in the ship Fortune listed as "Goodwife" in Hotten's 26 Edmund Floode 27 Bridget Fuller ? wife of Samuel Fuller, the physician on the ship Mayflower from Leyden 28 Godbert Godbertson hatmaker Leyden - listed as Cuthbert Cuthbertson in Hotten's 29 Sarah Godbertson wife - not in Hotten's 30 Samuel Godbertson son - not in Hotten's 31 Sarah Priest step-daughter - not in Hotten's 32 Mary Priest step-daughter - not in Hotten's 33 Timothy Hatherly feltmaker St. Olaves, Southward 34 William Heard 35 Margaret Hickes wife of Robert Hickes, who came in the ship Fortune 36 Hickes children Samuel and Lydia? - not listed in Planters 37 Mrs. William Hilton wife - William had sent for them before his death 38 Hilton two children William and Mary ? 39 Edward Holman Clapham, Co. Surrey? 40* John Jenney Erected corn mill 1636 Norwich, Norfolk 41* Sarah Jenney wife Monk Soham, Suffolk 42* Samuel Jenney son 43* Abigal Jenney daughter 44* Sarah Jenney daughter 45 Manasseh Kempton Colchester, Essex 46 Robert Long 47 Experience Mitchell Duke's Place, London married Jane Cooke daughter of Francis Cooke of the Mayflower 48* George Morton b. abt 1580, England married 1612, Leyden, Holland to Juliana Carpenter, June 1624, Plymouth, Plymouth, Mass merchant Harworth, Co. Notts - listed in Planters with wife but no children 49* Juliana Morton wife 50* Nathaniel Morton became Secretary of the Colony 51* Morton 4 other children John, Ephraim, Patience, Sarah ? 52 Thomas Morton, Jr. son of Thomas who came in the ship Fortune 53 Ellen Newton 54 John Oldham 55 Mrs. Oldham wife - Not in Hotten's 56 Lucretia Oldham sister - Not in Hotten's 57 Frances Palmer wife of William Palmer who came in the ship Fortune 58 William Palmer Jr. son 59 Christian Penn not listed in Planters 60 Abraham Pierce not listed in Planters 61 & 62 Mr. Pierce's two servants. names not indicated 63 Joshua Pratt 64 James Rand St. George, Southwark 65 Robert Rattliffe Ratcliff in Planters 66 Mrs. Rattliffe wife - not listed in Planters 67 Nicholas Snow Hoxton, Co. Middlesex Eastham 68 Alice Southworth widow, later became the second wife of Governor Bradford 69 Thomas Southworth son - not in Hotten's 70 Francis Sprague Duxbury 71 Anna Sprague wife - not in Hotten's 72 Mercy Sprague daughter - not in Hotten's 73 Barbara Standish second wife of Captain Standish, married after her arrival 74 Thomas Tilden Stepney, London 75 Ann ? Tilden wife - not in Hotten's 76 Tilden child not in Hotten's 77 Stephen Tracy Yarmouth, Norfolk 78 Tryphosa Tracy not in Hotten's 79 Tracy child not in Hotten's 80 Ralph Wallen 81 Joyce Wallen wife - not in Hotten's 82 Elizabeth Warren wife of Richard Warren of Mayflower - no Warren's on Hotten's list 83 Mary Warren daughter 84 Elizabeth Warren daughter 85 Anna Warren daughter 86 Sarah Warren daughter 87 Abigail Warren daughter Transcriber's Notes: Patience Brewster - 9th gr. grandmother of transcriber Daughter of William Brewster of Mayflower, wife of Governor of Plymouth Colony, Thomas Prence. *Passengers on Little James Correspondence 11/22/99 passengers #80, 81 WALLEN and #35 HICKES I am a descendent of Ralph and Joyce Wallen, passengers #80 & 81. I know that they stayed in Plymouth after arriving and that they had a son, Thomas Walling before 1630. I have Ralph's date of death between 1633-1634 and Joyce's after 9-7-1643.
Posted in Family Stories by Jeff Roberts with 3 comments.
In honor of Thanksgiving, I thought that I would share this interesting post about one of my first ancestors in the United States.
(Original URL: http://batteygen.net/getperson.php?personID=I460&tree=1)
|Died||19 Jul 1674||Providence Plantations, Rhode Island, America |
|Father||Ralph Wallen, b. Abt 1590, England,,|
|Mother||Joyce, b. Abt 1595, England,,|
|Spouse 1||Mary Abbott, b. 13 Dec 1629, Providence Plantations, Rhode Island, America|
|Married||1651||Providence, Providence County, Rhode Island|
|Spouse 2||Margaret White|
|Married||19 Jun 1669||Providence, Providence County, Rhode Island |
- All of the information in the following account is from Saxbe (see source below). Saxbe provides many additional details and quotations.
That Thomas Wallen/Walling was the son of Ralph and Joyce Wallen is somewhat speculative. Saxbe says this is the most likely parentage because Joyce Wallen lived in Barnstable when she remarried after Ralph died, Ralph and Joyce’s daughter Mary lived in Barnstable with her husbands (1) John Ewer and (2) John Jenkins, and no contradictory evidence has been found.
Thomas Walling appears in the court records of Plymouth colony in 1650 because he and a few other men stole a boat in Winter Harbor (in present-day Maine) and sailed to Barnstable, Plymouth Colony, along with two women leaving their husbands. Saxbe quotes this record, but I copied it from Neuzil (see source). “The fourth of Aprell, 1650. Tho Wallen, Richard Carle, Gorg Way, Katheren Warner, and Mary Mills were apprehended at Barnstable, in the jurisdiction of New Plym; and on the eight day of Aprell, aforsaid, they being examined before William Bradford, gent, Gouer, Willam Collyar, and Willam Thomas, gent, Assistants, confessed yt they, the said Tho Wallen, Richard Carle, & Gorge Way did healpe away Katheren Warner & Mary Mills, who were run away from theire husbands; and for yt purpose yt Richard Carle aforsaid did steale his fathers boat, which they came away in; it was therefore ordered by the Gouer & Assistants aboue mensioned, taht the aforsaid Gorg Way, Katheren Warner, & Mary Mills should bee sent from constabel to constable to the place from whence they came, wh is a place called Winter Harbor, near Richmans Iland to the eastward; and yt Tho Wallen & Richard Carle aforsaid bee comitted to ward; all which accordingly was forthwith pformed.”
Thomas received land August 24, 1650 in Providence Plantations. Then, a letter dated February 22, 1650/51 from Roger Williams to “the town fathers” expresses reservations about Thomas’ character and concern about his imminent marriage to Mary Abbot “one of the Orphanes of our dead friend Dan”.
Thomas proved to be a solid citizen in Providence in the 1650s, holding various significant positions (which Saxbe enumerates). However, in 1662 Thomas had left Providence, Mary, and a child, and his land and property were seized for Mary’s sustenance. Thomas returned to Providence by October 1663, and he bought land in 1663, 1664, 1665, and 1666.
In October 1664, Thomas was fined 40 shillings for fornication with a woman named Ann Smith.
In October 1666, Thomas was found guilty of assault on Robert Colwell and paid a bond of 20 pounds, but he failed to appear in court and forfeited his bond. It turned out that he had run away with Colwell’s wife Margaret White, whom Colwell subsequently divorced.
In April 1668, Thomas was a partner in Edward Inman’s purchase of 2000 acres of land from “the Indians” in the area that is now North Smithfield, Rhode Island.
In May 1668, George Way (Gorg Way in the Plymouth court record above), and Thomas’ brother in law Daniel Abbott presented Thomas to the court of Providence for fornication with Margaret Colwell. He was sentenced to be “whipt with fifteene stripes in Newport, and a weeke after, the licke punishment in the Towne of providence and to pay Court Fees.”
Mary Abbott died in early 1669, and Thomas married Margaret on June 19, 1669. Saxbe appends a short but juicy account of Margaret and her marriage to Daniel Abbott in 1678, four years after Thomas died on July 19 1674.
Thomas’ will mentions Margaret, his four children with Mary Abbott, and his three children with Margaret.
From Crane: “Thomas Walling (i), the immigrant ancestor of Nelson Walling, late of Millbury, Massachusetts, was born in England about 1630. He came to New England and made his home in the colony of Roger Williams at Providence. He was formally accepted as a townsman, July 28, 1651. He had been there for some months surely, because we find him mentioned in a letter dated January 22, 1651, as the lover of the girl he subsequently married. This letter was written by Roger Williams himself at Narragansett in the town of Providence. “I understand” he wrote ” that one of the orphans of our dead friend, Daniel Abbott, is likely (as she herself told me) to be disposed of in marriage. Tis true that she has now come to some years, but who knows not what need the poor maid hath of your fatherly care, counsel and direction. I would not disparage the young man (for I hear that he hath been laborious)” etc. He desires the town, however, to have some assurance that the young man “will forsake his former courses.” Whatever Williams meant by his courses is not told— probably some religious differences, from the fact that Walling evidently conformed later and was admitted a freeman in 1655. He became a man of prominence. As early as 1657 he was a commissioner and magistrate. In 1660 he was surveyor of highways in Providence. He sold a home share of land January 25, 1657, to Richard Pray, and he drew lot No. 72 in a division of land among the proprietors of Providence, February 19, 1665. He had a law suit with Thomas Olney, Jr., July 27, 1670. He died at Providence, Rhode Island, July 19, 1674. His will was dated July 19, 1674, and proved November 22, 1674, his wife Margaret being executor. He bequeathed his farm to his sons Thomas, John and William Walling; his house to William; other lands to sons James and Cornelius and remembered his daughter Abigail with a trifle. His widow, December 13, 1675, confirmed a deed of fifty acres of land sold by her late husband to Daniel Abbott. Mr. Walling married Mary Abbott, daughter of Daniel and Mary Abbott. Daniel was a friend of Roger Williams and Mary was the orphan mentioned in the letter quoted. Mr. Walling married (second), June 19, 1669, a few months after the death of his first wife, Margaret Colwell, daughter of Robert Colwell [This is apparently and error, as Robert is shown to be her husband in court documents, and she is named “Margaret White”], and . She married (second), December 25, 1678, Daniel Abbott. She died 1717. Children of Thomas and Mary Walling were : Thomas, married, 1695, Sarah Elwell and they had ten children; removed to Cohansey, New Jersey, but some of the family remained and descendants lived at Providence. Gershom, settled in Providence ; apprenticed very young to Nathaniel Mowry January 27, 1667. Abigail, died unmarried 1677. James, see forward. Children of Thomas and Margaret Walling were : William, born May 20, 1670. John, born May 20, 1670, died November II, 1694, unmarried : estate administered by his brother Thomas. Cornelius, born October 25, 1672.”
- All of the information in the following account is from Saxbe (see source below). Saxbe provides many additional details and quotations.
- [S151] Thomas Walling and His Way with Women, William B. Saxbe Jr., (The American Genealogist, April, 1998, pp.91 – 100.)
- [S152] Women in Plymouth Colony, 1633-1668, Anna Neuzil, Go to the Web Page
- [S270] Historic Homes and Institutions and Genealogical and Personal Memoirs of Worcester County Massachusetts, Prepared under the Editorial Supervision of Ellery Bicknell Crane, (Vol. II New York, Chicago The Lewis Publishing Company 1907)
- [S269] Cookie Crumbs, Gregory Cooke, (Go to the Web Page“>Go to the website)
- [S63] U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900 Yates Publishing. U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900 [database online]. Provo, Utah: MyFamily.com, Inc., 2004.
- [S24] Rhode Island Deaths, 1630-1930 Rhode Island Vital Records. [database online] Orem, UT: Ancestry, Inc., 2000.
Posted in Family Stories by Jeff Roberts with 2 comments.
My grandpa Claude Baker grew up along the Clinch River in Kyles Ford, Tennessee. Two of his best friends growing up were Dillard and Rufus Fisher. Being boys, they entertained themselves and tended to get into mischief together.
On one of the local ridges was a teaberry patch. The leaves were nice and slick, and the boys liked to slide down the ridge on them. One day, they were doing just that, when Rufus realized that he had to have a bowel movement. He yelled up at his brother Dillard to hold off on sliding down for a minute. He then took care of his business, covered it up with leaves, and yelled up at Dillard to come on down. Dillard slid down and right through Rufus’ little surprise. Rufus took off running as hard as he could, laughing all the way.
Grandpa found out what had happened and burst out laughing too. Especially when he saw Dillard walking down the road with a rock behind his back, yelling, “Come on back Rufus. I’m not mad. I’m not going to hurt you. Come on back.”
Posted in Family Stories by Jeff Roberts with no comments yet.
Joseph Bayes 350
William Beel 100
William Griggory 60
Clement McDaniel 300
James Caldwell 300
John Watkins 100
Samuel Brooks 125
Henry Blanks 175
Abednigo Tunner 50 Thomas James 100
John Onern 100
John Bayes Senior 96
John Bayes Junior 50
Stephen Coleman 800
Richard Brown 1166
Martha Stewart 400
Isham Farmer 445
John Terrill 400
William Hughes 200
Charles Irby 350
William Claibrook 400
Mary Dudgean 400
Richard Bayne 1000
Thomas Shields 80
Joseph Leak 100
Benjamin Brawner 160
John Wimbish 2556
Beverley Barksdale 324
Robert Mann 300
William Walron 670
Rawley White 460
Ambrose Hailey 225
David Terry 516
James Gray 880
Catherine Walker 800
Martha Lacy 400
Elijah King 434
Benjamin Terry 1000
Amos Thompson 900
Floyd Tanner 372
Reubin White 538
John Shackleford 112
Ambrose Corbin 100
Rubin Payne 1173
William Wright 255
Mark Hardin 200
John Martin 320
Thomas Corbin 130
Joseph Mottley 1512
Joseph Mottley 1512
William Willis 400
Braxton Mabrie 306
Daniel White 259
Joseph Mooreland 250
Webb Kidd 200
Tucker Woodson 400
David Mottley 500
James Tanner 300
Jeremiah Ellington 830
John Yates 100
Joseph Terry 550
Joab Meadows 100
William Terry 200
Enoch Ward Ellington 200
William Ragsdale 270
Lucy Williams 510
Henry McDaniel 200
Lewis Williams 95
Roger Atkinson 5254
Mattox Mayes 480
Joseph Mayes 320
Stephen Terry 202
Colo. Robert Williams 3866
Thomas Stratton 138
John Fox 1100
Abraham Murray 400
Francis Wisdom 485
Mark Shelton 200
William Handey 200
Benjamin Handey 400
James Conway’s Orphans 300
George Handy Senior 60
George Handy Junior 238
Charles Lewis 260
John Lewis 160
Henry Terry Jr 200
Thomas Shaw 200
James Haggard 200
Henry Terry Senior 356
Charles McLaughlin 200
John Fitzgerald 400
James Henry 5600
Gardner Mayes 400
William Hamblin 400
Thomas Hill 400
Samuel Slate 100
Jacob Chainey 720
Joseph Chainey 100
John Creel 260
John Atkinson 150
Nathanial Hughes 100
Hugh Kelly 200
Joseph Terry Senior 150
William Herring 870
John H Hendrick 400
Mathew Tanner 400
John Prestage 400
George Grubbs 200
Thomas Shelton 190
William Shelton 200
Thomas Dodson Senior 280
Nathaniel Gardner 50
Lazarous Dodson 450
Thomas Madding 100
John Farguson 400
Thomas Dodson Jr 150
William Ingrium 400
Mary Hodnett 200
Robert Martin 270
Allen Adams 100
Spencer Shelton 370
Daniel Shelton 400
Crispin Shelton 1070
Gabriel Shelton 415
Abraham Shelton 1352
Charles Lanier Jr 200
Vincent Shelton 356
David Irby 370
Thomas Jones 1266
William Warmock 270
Jeremiah White 908
Elijah Walters 188
William Bennett 200
Creed Tanner 200
John Wilson 192
John Spencer 188
Roberts Walters Senior 722
Robert Walters (son of Robert) 165
William Runnalds 204
Luke Miller 157
Robert Clopton 100
Gidion Shelton 500
Joshua Owen 100
James Diverson 100
Samuel Morris 100
Heath Garner 150
Matt Anderson 130
George Dodson 250
David Dodson 219
Joshua Dodson 150
Moses Hanks 220
Ezekiel Chaney 100
James Watson 100
John Hall 500
John Bennett 180
Thomas Bennett 100
Alexander Lee 100
Joseph Flipping 629
Capt John Walters 200
Jonathan Hill 303
John Walters 200
Robert Walters (Son of Thomas) 200
Chechester Matthews 200
Thomas Walters Senior 775
Joseph Slayton 400
Peter Martin 150
Nimrod Scott 163
William Richardson 76
Daniel Slayton 400
Robert Martin 130
James McMunday 300
Rhoderick McDaniel 100
William Madding 140
Faunious Dodson 100
James Madding 176
James Adams 374
Jonathan Weldons’s Orphans 250
Rubin Watkin’s Orphans 180
Pleasant Shields 230
John Hall Senior 175
Nathaniel Murry 230
William Murray 175
John Scott 175
Jeremiah Stimpson 192
Euramus Stimson 122
Robert Stimpson 123
Daniel Everett 275
George Cook Jr 100
John Waller 710
James Hollaway 97
Absalum Hindrick 295
Joseph Echolls Jr 440
Samuel Prunett 392
Abraham Murick 304
John Stamps 194
Edward Burgass 270
Thomas Wynne 915
William Harrison 249
William Durrott 300
Gabriel Richards 250
Moses Ayres 360
Joshua Handy 314
William Owen 200
Thomas Ayres 161
Colo. John Lanier (Bind) 1140
Cap William Thomas 2649
William Combs 320
John Woody 1000
Benjamin Stratton 375
Charles Payne 62
John Worsham 666
Samuel Jones 200
George Lumkin Jr 150
Nathan Jones 200
Jacob Stillwell 200
Jacob Stillwell Jr 200
George Allen Davis 300
Sythe Gowning 400
William Parr 400
Martain Beard 200
William Travis 109
Charles Wynne 600
Robert Wynne 150
John Wynne 208
Thomas Fearn 375
Robert Payne 200
William Dix 500
John Dix 903
James Dix 200
William Dennison 350
Daniel Worsham 63
Thomas Wilkinson 151
John Haskins 190
John Wier 300
Bezaliel Wier 286
Thomas Pistol 150
Gabriel May 400
James Nelson 100
William Tweddle 200
Robert Glascock 400
William Wilkinson 621
Joseph Jackson 335
Thomas Burgas Jr 400
Orlando Smith 739
John Kirby 350
William Price 600
William Stratton 213
Charles Cates 400
Jacob Farris 320
Charles Lewis Senior 240
Henry Snider 250
Simon Rowland 300
John Bird 200
Henry Mitchell 383
Benjamin Fambrough 70
Edm’d Taylor 195
Martha Clark 200
Peter Irby 800
John Thurston 300
John Shelton 225
Thomas Davis 257
John Cates 200
William Paine 500
Thomas Paine 240
Richard Keezee 300
John Waller 100
Beverley Shelton 396
Armistead Shelton 2457
Mary Wade 200
James Wade 391
Peter Legrand 800
Cain Adams 175
John Adams Senior 513
John Adams Jr 175
John Parks 255
Colo. Robert Wooding 800
John Davis Jr 100
Stephen Yates 50
Nathan Adams 266
George Rowland 100
Thomas Harkins 100
Allen Burton 100
Thomas Doss 370
William Tucker 810
William Pace 800
Newsam Pace 162
John Pace 280
Morrice Hamblett’s Orphans 130
James Parham 265
Mary Buford 235
Moses Childners 90
Thomas Burgass Senr 740
Theophelus Carter 1860
James Lawless Jr 200
John Wright 134
William Cotterall 396
Henry Hardin Senr 520
Henry Hardin Jr 188
Burwell Vadin 388
Thomas Chambers 182
William Summers 307
Peter J Bailey 150
David Tanner 150
Joseph Rogers 596
Ambrose Nelson 136
Ann Fallin 200
William Lynch 2396
Alexander Murray 1000
Samuel Bynum 200
Philip Adams 200
Ignatius N Tennerson 200
Samuel Harris 4890
William Duncan 138
Larkin Dix 165
Robert Lumkin 366
Henry Mickleberry 200
Moses Freeman 100
John Gee 100
James Burton 500
James Burks 318
David Lay Senior 150
Daniel Ragsdale 400
Jacob Whitworth 50
James McDaniel 100
Jasper Billings 100
William Runnalds 200
Thomas Clay 1000
Charles Clay 1000
Charles Smith 1700
Elizabeth McDaniel 400
John May 200
John Asher 120
John Harness’s Orphans 100
Joseph Hamblin 300
John Mullins 100
Josiah Cook 130
John Cook 100
John Long 162
Jasper Tomberlain 290
Mathew Clay 1000
Nathan Asher 500
Priscilla Hall 200
Richard Elliott 162
Starling Cates 677
William Quinn 152
Eliazar Clay 770
William Connar 100
William Munday 50
Francis Rose 100
Richard Ardin 100
Redmond Fallin 75
John Southerland 1252
George Southerland 1763
Hames Gwinn 400
George Homes Gwinn 190
William Astin Senior 318
Peter Wilson 599
William Wilson 1000
Charles Williams 75
Edwin Hammonds 250
John Stone Senr 85
John Stone Jr 130
John Ware 350
William Shelton 278
Sylvester Adams 4450
Jonathan Church 404
Richardson Whiteby 300
Colo. John Wilson 4070
Rich’d Gwin 730
Thomas Smith 2287
John Smith 4048
Hezekiah Smith 930
John McMillion 65
Thomas Drake 90
John Fulton 1140
John Vandegrief 400
Moses Vincent 150
Robert Cullum 100
James Fulton 890
Barnett McCullock 300
James Boaze 734
William Vincent 575
Shadrick Boaz 180
Thomas Boaz 3377
Robert Wooding 240
Edward Atkins 700
Moses Johnson 130
William Roberson 562
Thomas Roberson 470
William Astin 700
James Craine 312
John Poyner 480
William Rickett 185
Henry Cornwell 250
Jesse Carter 1300
John Chattin 492
Zachariah Waller 200
Henry Hall 100
William Jones 400
Phillmon Payne 170
William Parks 170
Edmund Payne 244
William Davis 700
Richard Farthing 300
Joseph Midkiff 296
William Hames 400
Moses Hurt 400
Wm Lightfoot’s Orphans 4400
Jacob Nicholas 400
Joseph Roberts 464
Benjamin Shelton 570
Joel Shelton 200
Daniel Jenkins 296
Jesse Hodges 380
John Ballinger 950
Edward Burton 245
Cornelius McHaney 1000
William Chick 400
Thomas East 342
John Pemberton 250
John H Patrick 800
Wm Luck 500
Joel Hurt 149
John Craddock 390
James Mitchell 400
Benj. Lankford 400
James Buckley 700
James George 597
William Alford 170
Charles Lynch Adams 500
George Allen 350
Edward Munford 400
John Barrott Jr 50
James Bruice 190
John Buckley 728
Thomas Collins 633
John Clements 533
Rich’d Chick 300
Charles Crenshaw 2500
Pleasant Thurman 300
William Doss 271
James Doss Senr 377
John Doss 135
Thomas Davis 410
James Dejarnett 100
Joseph Echolls 400
Joshua Abston 292
William Ervine 510
Joseph Harris Senr 300
Joseph Fanning Jr 100
Charles Fanning 100
Edward Flowers 400
Michael Gilbert 100
Benjamin Hendrick 100
Philip Perkins 150
Nathaniel Hendrick 407
Colo. Charles Lynch 614
James Hunt 200
James Henderson 492
David Hunt 1204
Nathaniel Hunt 400
Francis Irby 409
John Johnson 300
Samuel Lattamore 185
Thomas Mustein 340
Daniel Morgan 299
Thomas Musteen 570
Blanks Moody 400
James Moore 212
Haynes Morgan 658
Jesse Pattey 223
Edward Pryor 150
Thomas Robinson 200
John Robinson 100
Joel Short 70
Joshua Short 39
Misheck Tanner 1166
Richard Thurman 550
Robert Templeton 100
William Vaughan 300
John Vaughan 392
Thomas Vaughan Jr 396
Thomas Vaughan Senr 170
Odediah Hendrick 400
George Wilcox 168
Owen West 700
Absalum Ramey 170
Nathan Glenn 307
Benjamin Clements Exor 375
Capt. Isaac Clements 746
Thomas Carlton 370
John Short 186
Elizabeth Holden 50
Burwell Vadin 360
Thomas Adams 300
Robert Adams 400
Joseph Prunitt 50
Moses Hutchings 350
Ann Thompson 737
James Burks 218
Basdale Nelson 100
Christopher Hutchings 1022
Samuel Dillard 510
Elijah Parkham 267
Charles Clay 1300
Daniel Ragsdale 600
Joseph Richards 150
Jonas Lawson 600
Leonard Tunstall 700
Sylvanus Stokes 1537
George Hamblin 650
Edward Ware 490
Aaron Hutchings 540
Hezekiah Pigg 1800
Joshua Cantrill 987
Jesse Robinson 1941
James Bleakley 500
James Magabee 200
Jacob Isaac 300
Henry Rollins 410
Jonathan Thomas 250
Samuel Shields 775
James Garner 585
John Bowin 400
William Shields 473
Matthew Sparkes 796
James Young 150
John Harris 100
John Young 120
Shadrick Turner 200
Joseph Shields 651
Gilbert Burnett 96
James Denton 142
John Beggarley 100
Elizabeth Cunningham 100
Henry Burnett 261
Thomas Shields 70
Thomas Cunningham 157
John Shields 150
William Beck 600
Benjamin Crawley 488
Spencer Runnalds 200
Rich’d Tanner 150
John Cox 109
James Cox 437
Zachariah Sneed 150
James Burnett 400
Jacob Riger 210
Joseph Cunningham 916
Shadrack Scare 100
William Booker 100
John Gammon 409
Benjamin White 200
Edward Legg 60
John Owens 308
William Owens 100
Thomas Finley 113
Rich’d Gibson 100
Jiles Gibson 100
Richard Lay 100
Robert Payne 560
James Lyle 96
Thomas Duncan 200
Hal. Dixon 1200
John McLane 300
Samuel Bynum 200
William Barton 300
William Duncan 170
Robert Clements 300
William Thaxton 640
Elizabeth Yates 130
John Yates 270
William Harrison 1644
Nicholas Perkins 927
Constant Perkins 2598
Hardin Perkins 370
William Wodley 246
Jonathan Church 700
Nehemiah Trayham 236
Nathaniel McGufford 200
Robert Crockett 300
Nathan Watson 650
John Norton 140
William Sutton 375
Thomas Sparks 350
Thomas Hill 786
John Still 662
Jacob Norton 300
Nehemiah Norton 300
William Watson 366
Edward Givins 700
George Davis 180
John Davis 192
William Davis 350
George Conn 150
William Mitchell 150
Ignatious Wilson 164
Presley Thornton 150
Elizabeth Conely 40
Zadock Barnett 100
John Brown 134
Joseph Minter 190
Edward Cahall 217
Edward Warren 250
John Briscoe 250
Charles Oakes 221
Miss Clay & Company 4000
James Oakes 221
Joseph Conn 1337
Philip Jenkins 100
Butter Stone Street 150
Ellender Norton 100
William Oakes 75
Samuel Lewis 300
Samuel/Lemuel Smith 632
Daniel Dodson 700
Philip Perkins 300
Thomas Hampton 495
David Harris 100
William Southerland 100
Thomas Stephens 100
Isham Lansford 100
David Stephens 100
Henry Lansford 250
Joseph Harris 200
George Fuller Harris 200
David Scales 300
Mathew Nance 200
Sarah Watkins 223
Robert Bullington 400
Giles Nance 800
Minen Smith 112
William Mitchell 160
Zachariah Grooms 100
James King 200
George Young 200
Capt. Joseph Morton 1053
John Govin 400
John Pigg 900
Benjamin Burnett 440
Thomas Price 400
Rich’d Chamberlan’s Orphans 400
Pyrant Easley 205
Samuel Davis 150
William Short 800
George Prosize 100
Nathaniel Thacker 190
Joseph Thacker 60
George Miers 200
Thomas Wade 200
Thomas Hardy 700
Joshua Welch 230
David Weatherford 100
Wm Hardy’s Orphans 500
Charles Wright 100
Wyth Allen 180
Roger Atkinson 800
William Easley 715
William Parsons 50
Joseph Parsons 120
George Parsons 270
Samuel Parsons 50
William Moore 100
John Medkiff 400
Richard Pigg 40
Majar Willis 200
Major James Johnson 150
Thomas Armstead 1600
Edmund Hodges 750
John Hodges 137
Thomas Hodges 260
George Dyer 50
Abraham Allen 240
Watson Hindy 376
Joel Atkins 110
William Atkins 100
Nathanial Atkins 100
James Atkins 50
Joseph Hundley 250
Luther Hopper 300
John Martin 100
Elizabeth Mayes 50
Richard Atkins 100
William Prosize 300
William Lucas 100
Walter Lamb 800
Jesse Duncan 100
Epapa White 588
John Emmerson 400
Rich’d Prewitt 150
William Pigg 360
Robert Duncan 297
Samuel Emmerson 390
William Devin 731
William Leak’s Orphans 400
William Devin Jr 200
James Biggers 100
John White 349
John Biswell 800
Joseph Austin 702
John Morton 1885
Daniel Johnson 200
Joseph Ballinger 305
Martin Webb 200
Samuel Mosley 100
Arthur Nash 234
Daniel Hankins 7167
Jacob Cooley 270
Joseph Alsup 200
Thomas Johns 555
Thomas Searenton 740
John Stocktone 1546
Jacob Cleaverland 200
Arthur Fuller 105
Zachariah Fallin 200
John Warren 250
Benjamin Benie 500
John Peancey 100
Peter Fields Jefferson 1100
George Jefferson’s Estate 1561
William Matthews 200
John Wooton 130
Wm/Mr Hamblin 320
Abraham Aaron 220
James Brewer 1273
James Mitchell 200
Drury Oliver Estate 492
John Philpot 500
James Roberts 1386
William Roberts 546
Robert Onn 1000
Hugh Runnalds 65
Leonard Delosher 250
Benjamin Sampson 288
George Smith 894
William Nealley 50
Rebecca Mahan 250
Joseph Reynalds 260
Benjamin Duncan 100
Edward Jones 400
Samuel Martin 160
Thomas Read 200
John Ball 280
Samuel Calland 415
John Cheedle 280
James Dunough 400
John Cornwell 100
James Shockley 350
Elijah Watkins 500
Charlton Shockley 250
Harmon Cook 1052
Joseph Walker 100
John Watson 523
Simon Justice 220
William Wright 400
John Junley 302
Charles Rigney 200
William Wright 800
James King 130
John Swinney 100
Alexander Lackey 480
Colo. John Markham 1600
Robert Bruce 247
John Griggory 260
William Dunning 240
John George 1159
John Bailey 400
Samuel Hughes 633
James Lawless 611
John Dyer 333
Aaron McKenny 162
John Cleaver 250
Thomas Finny 260
Thomas Lackey 400
Joseph Maples 257
William Hopwood 400
George Murphy 238
William Goodman 582
Hugh Henry 400
James Taylor 271
William Bucknall 100
Samuel Crain 1200
Noton Dickinson 488
Jeremiah Worsham 338
Josiah Farguson 60
John Duncan 395
Thomas Watson Jr 466
Thomas Watson Senior 200
Humphrey Hendrick 700
John Pond 200
William Maples 163
William Griffith’s Estate 400
Frances More Petty 300
Killian Kreck 150
Thomas Black 498
Benjamin Leprad 430
Alexander Robinson 322
John Kirby 100
William Burdet 120
Robert Cowan 100
Sarah Davis 170
William Irving 150
Michael Gilbert 200
William Justice 266
Peyton Smith 612
Peter Finney 400
Henry Conway 1026
Lodowick Tuggle 600
George Peak 100
Joseph King 185
Thomas Ramey 200
William Young 1232
David Polley 673
William Sheilds 100
William Witcher 100
John Witcher 190
James Witcher 202
William Parker 50
Jeremiah Ward 431
Peyton Wade 50
Daniel Lovell 500
Richard Bennet 256
Thomas Bennett 75
Booker Smith 150
Jesse Keezee 250
James Kann 450
George Herndon 250
David Ross 6792
James Mitchell 546
William Mitchell 400
Bryant Ward Nowling 318
David Dalton 126
Robert Dalton 85
William Thompson 450
John Hensley 100
Abraham Goad 180
George Phillips 150
James Dalton 100
Benjamin Tarrant 645
John Dalton 270
William Bennet 275
Reubin Bennet 274
John Lawson 290
William Ward 1626
John Collin 300
John Wheeler 300
Richard Walden 1030
William Baber 224
Charles Callaway 500
Ralph Smith 898
John Talbot 570
William Smith 150
Nathan Thurman 700
Littleberry Patterson 400
Thomas Tunstall 1142
John Ward 1388
Thomas Barnett 100
Preston Gilbert 250
Thos Tunstall from Rich’d Brown 96
Jeremiah Keesee 450
Sarah Vaughan 149
Roger Atkinson 13000
Jonathan Phillips 400
Nottley Wheate 100
Charles Goad 200
Pattience Dalton 200
Gidion Shelton 170
James Downey 400
Edward Hampton 200
Arthur Keezee 200
Jesse Evins 160
Benjamin Shelton Jr 200
John Williams 200
John Doss 200
William McDuel 200
Jacob Barryer 240
Daniel Bates 200
Ambrose Hunt 120
Peter Perkins 1000
James Andrews 300
William Allin Senr 190
William Betterton 434
Henry Brown 210
Major Childres 200
Gilbert Hunt 637
John Kelly 50
Joshua Stone 1413
John Ward Jr 913
Joseph Cook 400
William Vason 300
Joseph West Senior 350
James Magbee 100
William Todd 600
Richard Todd 100
Robert Farguson 75
A Copy Teste
Jos. Akin D.C.P.C.
Posted in Family History, Local History by Jeff Roberts with no comments yet.
copy done by Cynthia Hubbard Headen
source: The Magazine of VA Genealogy, v.23, #1 (Feb.1985),
transcribed by Marian Dodson Chiarito
These lists were taken from a typewritten copy found in the Clerk’s Office, Pittsylvania County, at Chatham, Virginia. The two following affidavits found attached to the copy are self- explanatory.
I, S. H. F. Jones, do hereby certify that about the year 1930 I personally copied and had checked the names of persons who took the oath of Allegiance in 1777 as shown by manuscripts then in the Clerk’s Office of Pittsylvania County, Virginia. The writing was faded and a few names could not be deciphered. Every effort was made to transcribe the names as they appeared on the manuscripts. The names of the foregoing Lists are a true and correct copy of the aforesaid manuscripts to the best of my knowledge and belief. The lists were also checked by Mr. Langhorne Jones, atty.
Given under my hand and seal this 8th day of November, 1939.
S. H. F. Jones (Seal)
State of Virginia
Pittsylvania County, To-wit:
I, E. E. Friend, Clerk of the Circuit Court of Pittsylvania County, Virginia, the same being a Court of Record, do hereby certify that Mrs. S. H. F. Jones whose name is signed to the foregoing writing bearing date 8th day of November 1939, personally appeared before me in my county, Office and State aforesaid and made oath that the foregoing statements are true to the best of her knowledge and belief. Given under my hand this 8th Nov. 1939.
E. E. Friend
Clerk Pittsylvania Circuit Court
List of George Carter
Geo. Hardy, Jun.
John H. Hedrick
Henry Kirby, Sr.
John Kirby, Jun.
Jno. Walter Kupper
John Madden, Jun.
Jno. Prestridge, Jr.
Joseph Terry, Jun.
Persons Refusing to take Oath
Thomas Dillard, List
Chas. L. Adams
John East, Sen.
George Evens, Jr.
Harmon King John Luck
Green Wood Payne
Joseph West, Jr.
George Wilcox, Jr.
George Wilcox, Sen.
Stephen Coleman’s List
Richard Brown, Sen.
James Farmer, Jun.
James Murphy, Jun.
James Murphy, Sr.
Joseph T. Williams
Capt. Hankin’s List
James Dalton, Sen.
James Gravely, Junr.
John Barrett, Jr.
John Bay, Jr.
Charles Farris, Jr.
James Farris, Jr.
Joseph Farris, Jr.
Joseph Farris, Sen.
Thomas Farris, Sen.
James Harris, Sen.
James Henderson, Sen.
Thos. Vaughan, Jr.
Thos. Vaughan, Sr.
Jas. Morton’s List
James Cox, Sen.
John Cox, Sen.
Samuel W. Gouley
Robert Payne’s List
William Astin, Jun.
James W. Daniel
Benj. Lawless, Jr.
Geo. Lumpkins, Sen.
James H. Roberson
William Wynn, Sen.
John Yates, Jun.
Reuben Pain’s List
John Addams, Jun.
John Addams, Sen.
Thomas Hardy, Sen.
Hugh Henry, Sr.
Charles Kennon’s List
John Hall, Jr.
Joses (?Moses) Hanks
John Lewis (Byrd)
Smallwood Coghill Marlin
James Sml.wood Owen
William Owen, Jr.
Robert Walters, Jun.
Thomas Walters, Jr.
Capt. Jas. Roberts’ List
Samuel Bolling Robert Bolton
John Walker William Webb
Abraham Shelton’s List
John Donelson, Esq.
John Donelson, Jun.
William Griffith, Jr.
Daniel Hankins, Esq.
James M. Hugh
Joseph Morton, Esq.
Reuben Payne, Esq.
Crispin Shelton, Esq.
Jas. Semore Swinney
John Watson, Jr.
Chas. Rigney, Jun.
Chas. Rigney, Sen.
Crispin Shelton’s List
Thomas Farris, Jun.
James Heneerson, Junr.
Charles Lewis, Jun.
Charles, Sen. (Sic)
Crispin Shelton, Jun.
William Short’s List
Peter James Bailey
William Ward’s List
Little B. Patterson
John Wilson’s List
John Ashworth, Jr.
John Anderson Burton
Thos. Cooper Dickerson
James Gossett, Sr.
Geo. H. Gwin
David Lacy, Jr.
John Fuller Lane
John Stone, Jr.
John Stone, Sr.
Thomas Waroham (?Worsham)
William Witcher’s List
Wm. Bennett, Sr.
David Dalton, Jr.
John Henslie, Jr.
Jno. Henslie, Sen.
Jno. P. Hudson
John Hunt, Sen.
Brain W. Nowlin
Thomas Ramsey, Sr.
Thomas Ramsey, Jr.
Paul Razor, Sr.
Paul Razor, Sr.
Paul Razor, Jr.
Edward Wade, Jr.
Edward Wade, Sr.
Jno. Waldrup, Jr.
Jno. Waldrup, Sr.
John Witcher, Jr.
John Witcher, Sen.
Last name of next three unknown
Posted in Family History, Local History by Jeff Roberts with no comments yet.
Originally posted at http://www.danielboonetrail.com/historicalsites.php?id=80.
AN EXCERPT FROM THE BOOK ON THE WILDERNESS ROAD BY THE AUTHOR
copyright November 2006
All rights reserved
Lawrence J. Fleenor, Jr.
Big Stone Gap, Va.
The site of the 1773 massacre of the son of Daniel Boone and of the son of William Russell – James Boone and Henry Russell – is the subject of a long and continuing controversy in Lee County. The state historical road side marker commemorating this event was originally placed along side US 58 in Eller’s Gap on Powell Mountain between Pattonsville and Stickleyville. A rival claimant later developed in western Lee County, and roadside marker was dug up in the middle of the night and replanted near Kaylor. In recent years a new road side marker was erected by the State in the center of Sticklyville.
Local traditions still abound, especially near the various springs that head up Wallen’s Creek north of Duffield and east of Stickleyville, and down Wallen’s Creek all the way to its mouth. The following is a review of the murders, and of the evidence on the location of the site.
The Great Warrior’s Path was the most significant of the numerous Indian trails in the eastern United States. It connected the Northeastern and Midatlantic regions with Kentucky and the region between the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers. Daniel Boone’s name is indelibly stamped upon it, and it is also known by the names The Wilderness Road and the Great Kentucky Road.
There are several variations of this trail in western Scott County and eastern Lee County. The Hunter’s Trace skirted the southern face of Powell Mountain from Pattonsville to Blackwater, where it crossed Powell Mountain at Hunter’s Gap, and passed on a mile and a half west of the mouth of Wallen’s Creek on Powell River, which it crossed at White Shoals. Another route crossed Powell Mountain via Kane Gap between Duffield and the head of Wallen’s Creek, which it followed to Stickleyville. Here one version crossed Wallen’s Ridge to the head of Station Creek, and on to the west to the northern end of the White Shoals ford. Back at Stickleyville, another variation continued on down Wallen’s Creek for 2 ½ miles to Fannon’s Spring, and crossed Wallen’s Ridge via Slagle’s Gap to the mouth of Station Creek. The last version continued down Wallen’s Creek and for a mile and a half past its mouth, where it joined the Hunter’s Trace.
In 1773 the western extent of pioneer settlement was Castlewood in Russell Co. and the Blockhouse in Carter’s Valley in Scott County, near Kingsport, Tennessee. Daniel Boone had decided to move his family from the Yadkin Valley of North Carolina to Kentucky, and had persuaded Capt. William Russell of Castlewood to do so also. On September 25, 1773 the Boones and five other families sat out, and upon reaching Wolf Hills at present Abingdon, Daniel dispatched his seventeen year old son, James, and the Mendenhall brothers, John and Richard, to leave the main party and to go to Upper Castlewood to pick up Capt. Russell and his party at Russell’s Fort. Daniel continued on down the main Wilderness Trail to east of Kingsport, and then on up old US 23 to Duffield. There is no record of whether he accessed Powell Valley by way of Kane Gap, or of Hunter’s Gap. Once in Powell Valley the Boone Party joined the party of William Bryan, which contained about forty people. We know that he camped that night on the northern side of Wallen’s Ridge, which itself is north of Wallen’s Creek.
James followed present US Alt. 58 to Castlewood and found that Russell and his party of about forty pioneers were not ready to leave. To carry this news to Daniel, Russell’s seventeen year old son, Henry, and James Boone along with Isaac Crabtree, the Mendenhall brothers, and two slaves, Adam and Charles, were dispatched on Oct. 8th ahead of the main Russell party. Also among the emigrants from the Russell Party were the Hargis brothers – Samuel, Whiteside, William, James, John, Benjamin, and their families. They left Russell’s Fort with James Boone and his party, which traveled down the Clinch Valley branch of the Wilderness Trail until they regained the main Wilderness Trail just north of Natural Tunnel.
Daniel and his party camped along the Wilderness Trail on the north side of Wallen’s Ridge somewhere in Powell Valley, and waited for the Russell party to catch up. It was, of course, the party of James Boone that was trying to catch up with Daniel, and not that of Russell. Somewhere James’ party lost the trail, and night fall caught them somewhere on Wallen’s Creek, three miles east of Daniel’s camp.
James could have lost Daniel’s trail either at Duffield or at Stickleyville, depending whether Daniel had taken the Hunter’s Trace, or the Warrior’s Path over Kane Gap and then on to the head of Station Creek.
It is at this point that the speculation begins. The Wilderness Trail at this time was just a foot path. Horses were usually led as pack animals, and not ridden. The Trail from Kane Gap was a corridor rather than a single path, as it followed a branching network of buffalo trails. At times of low water the travelers tended to stay on the flat northern bank of Wallen’s Creek, but during muddy and wet times they took the ridge line further to the north of the creek bank.
There are three variations of the Wilderness Trail leaving Stickleyville to the west, and we do not know which versions were being traveled by James, and perhaps Daniel. All three versions enter Wallen’s Creek Valley via Kane Gap, and proceed down Wallen’s Creek to present Stickleyville. There is a fork in the trail at this point, with one following present US 58 on across Wallen’s Ridge into the Valley of Station Creek, which runs parallel to Wallen’s Creek, both emptying into Powell’s River.
Another variation of the Wilderness Trail continued on west down Wallen’s Creek to Fannon’s Spring, which is about two and a half miles west of Stickleyville. Implicit in the circumstances of this story is the fact that the party would have camped by a spring. The pioneers did not usually drink out of creeks anymore than we do. Fannon’s Spring lies between the road and the creek, and its flow is so great that it boils in a mushroom shape up out of the ground. Its fresh cold water attracts fish as it empties into the creek. It is simply the best spring for miles around. It was at this point that the trail began its ascent of Wallen’s Ridge on its way to Slagle’s Gap, and joined the trail on Station Creek at its mouth on Powell River.
A third version continued on down Wallen’s Creek to its mouth on Powell River, and crossed to the north side to rejoin the versions of the Wilderness Trail coming west from the ford at the mouth of Station Creek.
The militiaman John Redd, who had gone with Joseph Martin in 1775 to Martin’s Upper Station at Rose Hill by way of the Wallen’s Creek route, stated that “the old Kentucky Trace crossed Walden’s ridge at the head of Walden’s Creek”. This is the current route of US 58 west of Stickleyville. It implies that Redd believed that Daniel would have gone this way, but Redd admitted that his first trip to Kentucky was in 1780, some seven years after the massacre, a situation that gave plenty of time for the route of the trail to have changed.
Tradition does say that Daniel Boone changed the route of the trail after James was killed. In 1884, Col. Auburn Pridemore, CSA, of Jonesville, wrote a treatise entitled “Routes East”, and which now is MS 4.8.12 within the Draper Manuscripts. A transcription of a portion of this document is as follows:
“I have mentioned that Boone after this (the James Boone massacre) changed his rout, that was told me by Genl. Peter C. Johnston, brother of
General Joseph E. Johnston of Confederate memory, he had it from a Mr.
Fleener whose father Camped at the top of Walden’s ridge at Stickleyville;
when Boone and Gov. Dunsmore’s surveyors located the road, and he gave
the Killing of Boone’s Son as the reason for the change of route. This was
told me incidentially as Genl. Johnston (who had a great fund of Indian tales
and Border adventures) was relating a very thrilling story of a contest of the elder Fleener with an Indian at the same place.”
The location of the murder of James Boone depends on which version of the Wilderness Trail Daniel was traveling, and which route James took in the process of getting lost. We know that nightfall of October 8th caught the party of James Boone and Henry Russell still on Wallen’s Creek.
“Wolves” howled all night around the camp of the James Boone party. The Mendenhall brothers paced up and down all night. At dawn, a mixed party of Shawnee and Cherokee Indians attacked, and shot James Boone and Henry Russell through the hips so that they could not escape. They were tortured with knives. Boone recognized his torturer as Big Jim, a Shawnee who had been a guest at Daniel’s home in the Yadkin. Boone resisted for a while, but with his hands shredded from fending off the knife, he pleaded with Big Jim to kill him and to put him out of his misery.
Russell was clubbed, and his dead body shot full of arrows. The Mendenhalls, and Whiteside Hargis were also killed.
It is not clear how Crabtree made his escape, but he returned to the settlements in the east. Adam hid under a pile of drift wood on the bank of Wallen’s Creek, and witnessed the massacre, and later returned to the settlements where he spread the news. He and Crabtree were the sources of the information that was written into the dispatches of the Holston Militia that wound up as part of the Draper Manuscripts, which are today’s documentation of this event. Charles was carried away toward captivity.
The story varies somewhat at this point. One tradition says that the massacre was discovered by a deserter from Daniel’s party. Another source says that Capt. William Russell’s party came upon the scene, and dispatched a runner to Daniel. The party of Daniel Boone returned, and Rebecca, James’s mother, wrapped the bodies of James and Henry up together in a linen sheet, and they were buried in a common grave. The Boone and Russell parties returned to Castlewood.
The Indians, taking Whiteside Hargis’ wife, John and William Hargis, and John’s son who was named after his Uncle Whiteside, along with the slave Charles, made their way back up Wallen’s Creek to Dry Creek at Stickleyville, and thence to Kentucky, probably by way of Lovelady Gap, and either Olinger Gap or Eola Gap to the head waters of the Cumberland River. Somewhere along the trail, John Hargis and his wife and daughter made their escape, and settled back in Castlewood. Young Whiteside was adopted by the Shawnee, and later in life joined Chief Benge in his raids against the settlers in the area of his capture.
The Indians along their way began to argue about the ownership of Charles, and the issue was resolved by his being tomahawked.
These events are documented by the Draper Manuscripts 6 C 14; 6 C 7-20; 6 S 79-83; 11CC 12; 13C 133; which are well collated in the book Indian Raids and Massacres of Southwest Virginia by Luther F. Addington and Emory Hamilton. The Fannon’s Spring data is contained in an article in the “Powell Valley News” written by J. M. Moseley and published in 1958 or 1959. Moseley had frequented the Fannon home at Fannon’s Spring a little over a hundred years after the massacre, while the oral
traditions were still fresh and widely held. The Hargis information is obtained from Henrietta Hargis Reynolds’ article in The Heritage of Russell Co. vol II.
The most persuasive information concerning the location of the murders of the James Boone Party is the testimony of Adam, whose story was recorded by militia officers at the time. Adam said that he hid under a pile of driftwood beside Wallen’s Creek beside the Wilderness Trail. Wallen’s Creek is too small to build up such a large pile of driftwood much above Fannon’s Spring, so the reputed sites upstream from
Stickleyville are impossible. This is especially true of those sites at the head of Wallen’s Creek, which is so small there that it can be stepped across.
We know that Daniel and James took different trails, as James “got lost”. Since James was on Wallen’s Creek, and was lost from Daniel’s trail, this means that Daniel had taken either the Station Creek version of the trail, or the Hunter’s Trace. If the Russell Party was the one that discovered the massacre of the James Boone Party, and since we know from several sources that the massacre occurred on Wallen’s Creek, then it would seem that Russell had known to follow the parties of Daniel and of James down Wallen’s Creek. It is important to note that at its nearest point, the Hunter’s Trace passes 1 ½ miles to the west of the mouth of Wallen’s Creek. Therefore Russell in his following of the Boones had known that they were not to have traveled on the Hunter’s Trace.
If one discounts the Fannon’s Spring tradition, and discounts Russell having discovered the massacre, there are only two possibilities for these events to have unfolded. The first is for Daniel to have camped north of Powell River (which is north of Wallen’s Ridge) somewhere in the Flatwoods or White Shoals area, and for James to have camped near the mouth of Wallen’s Creek. The Wallen’s Creek Trail and the trail that had come from Station Creek come together at White Shoals. This would have placed James about three to four miles east of Daniel, and also would have allowed the deserter from the Daniel Party to have backtracked to the east on a different trail from the one he had followed with Daniel.
The other possibility is for Daniel to have camped at the mouth of Station Creek, and James to have camped at Fannon’s Spring. The distance between these two sites is also about three miles, and would have also allowed the deserter to have taken a different route back east and to have stumbled upon the massacre.
However, if one credits either the Fannon’s Spring tradition of Mosley, or the tradition that Russell discovered the massacre there is only one possibility. The preponderance of evidence points to Daniel’s having camped at the mouth of Station Creek, and James at Fannon’s Spring. It is, after all, about fifteen miles from Fannon’s Spring to the mouth of Wallen’s Creek and to the Flatwoods segment of the Wilderness Trail.
The Wallen’s Creek location documented by the Draper Manuscripts excludes the tradition locating the massacre in western Lee County near Kaylor. Also, the western Lee County site is over a hundred miles from Castlewood, easily twice the distance that the James Boone party could have made in the one day that they travelled.
After burying their dead, the Boone and Russell parties returned to Castlewood.
Posted in Local History by Jeff Roberts with 1 comment.
Originally posted at http://www.danielboonetrail.com/historicalsites.php?id=46.
The Revolutionary War was fought on two fronts; from its beginning in 1775, until the treaty of peace in 1783, it was fought on the western front against the Indians, chiefly by the pioneers of Kentucky and frontiersmen of Virginia, Pennsylvania, and the Carolinas. It was fought in a more conspicuous theatre along the Atlantic seaboard by the colonists against the British regulars.
Curiously enough, almost exactly at the time of the firing of the first gun of the Revolution at Lexington, Massachusetts, the Wilderness Road was connected up into a bridle path, which joined the western Virginia border with Central Kentucky. ?This alone made Kentucky’s settlement possible, at that time, and that settlement, in turn, furnished the necessary base for the conquest of the Northwest by the frontiersmen under George Rogers Clark. The road is significant, therefore, not only in the history of Kentucky, but in that of the Revolutionary War.
Martin’s Station was the feature of man’s providing on the road that was most important in making it a practical way into Kentucky. It was a long, hard road. The road through the wilderness began at the blockhouse, which faced Moccasin Gap, where the Indian country began. It ran its winding course through valleys and along creeks, across the Holston, Clinch, Powell, and Cumberland rivers; over Powell Mountain and Wallen’s Ridge (as difficult as Powell Mountain), down Powell Valley, over Cumberland Gap, through the gorge where the Cumberland River cuts its way through Pine Mountain, and then through the foothills until it reached the plateau of Central Kentucky at Crab Orchard and Berea.
Its course had been followed, in a general way, by a few hunters and land lookers in the ten years before 1775, but it was definitely marked to Boonesborough by Boone, when he led the party for Col. Henderson and the Transylvania Company from Long Island to Boonesborough in March and April 1775.
Its whole course, from the time it passed Moccasin Gap, was in a country which the Indians infested. They resisted the invasion by the whites, not only to protect their hunting ground, but at the instigation of the British, who recognized the danger to their hold on the West by the thrust of the Kentuckians into the heart of it.
For the 200 miles of the course of the road through the wilderness, there was neither Indian nor white settlement. There was no base of supplies and no refuge, save only at one spot, and that was Martin’s Station in Powell Valley. That was what made Martin’s services in the establishing of his station along the Wilderness Road so important.
Martin’s Station was located 20 miles eastward of Cumberland Gap. It was the halfway house between Virginia and Kentucky; the lone station midway of the journey through an uninhabited district. Every traveller over the road had the support of Martin’s Station on his mind, and those who made written records of their journeys mention it in a way to indicate the importance attached to it.
The station was located exactly on the Wilderness Road where it crossed a creek, later called Martin’s Creek, in Lee County, Virginia. The present state road between Boone’s Path on the east, a third of a mile away; and Rosehill on the west, half a mile away, passes through the old station grounds.
The cabin stood on a low mound about 70 yards to the east of Martin’s Creek, a stream big enough, as Martin said, “to turn a mill;” and 30 yards from a bold, overflowing spring, both of which were doubtless included within the stockade of the station.
Martin was born near Charlottesville, in Albermarle County, Virginia, in 1740, of an affluent family. From boyhood, he took to Indian adventure, and it is probable that he entered Powell Valley as early as 1761.
In 1769 he was allotted, by Dr. Thomas Walker, 21,000 acres for the first settlement in the valley, and in the endeavor to hold this land, he undertook to found a station there in the spring of 1769. The station was attacked by Indians. As a result, it was abandoned in the fall of the same year.
In January 1775 Martin went back with a party of 16 or 18 men and built a station, which included four or five cabins for the men and a stockade on exactly the old site. Thereafter, the station remained, although, at times, unoccupied throughout the period of the early emigration to Kentucky.
The reestablishment of the station in January 1775 was, perhaps, in anticipation of the organization of the Transylvania Company, which was consummated in March of that year. Whether that is so or not, when Boone (and a little later, Henderson) went to Kentucky with their parties in the spring of 1775, Martin was at his station; and furnished a base for the final journey into Kentucky.
He effectively cooperated with Henderson throughout the existence of the Transylvania Company. Henderson, indeed, seems to have used Martin, the executive and diplomat with the Indians, as his business agent at this outpost; as he did Boone, the hunter and explorer, for leading his expedition into Kentucky.
In 1777 Martin reestablished himself at his old station, where he conducted Indian affairs for a wide district, until he retired as Indian agent in 1789.
Martin’s Station is well-known to students of the Wilderness Road, but Joseph Martin had no Filson to celebrate his feats, as Boone had, and he has been almost forgotten. Professor Stephen B. Weeks, of Johns Hopkins, resurrected him in an accurate biographical sketch, which he read before the first meeting of the American Historical Society. But this, in turn, was buried in a government report.
Martin’s work in connection with Martin’s Station and the emigration to Kentucky constitutes only a small part of the accomplishments, which entitle him to be remembered. He was not only one of the most important men in Indian affairs, but in all public affairs in western Virginia and North Carolina. Until 1789 he was chiefly engaged with Indian business. After that time he was a leader in public affairs, in general, on the southwestern frontier.
In 1777 Gov. Patrick Henry commissioned him agent and superintendent of Indian affairs for the state of Virginia, a position he retained until 1789. Because of his influence in restraining the Cherokees, he, more than anyone else, kept the Indians off the backs of the settlers on the Virginia and Carolina frontiers and left them free to cooperate with the other colonial troops against the British in the South. That made victory at King’s Mountain possible, and that, in turn, assured a few months later, the hemming in and capture of Cornwallis at Yorktown.
Until he was nearly 60, Martin was engaged in all sorts of public affairs in a way that marked him as a leader: Indian agent (not only for Virginia, but also for North Carolina), on peace commissions, on boundary commissions (notable that on the western boundary between North Carolina and Virginia, and that between Virginia and Kentucky); brigadier general on appointment of Gov. Henry Lee, of Virginia, and for many years in the Virginia Legislature.
He gave up participation in public affairs in 1779, in his 60th year, and retired to his estate in Henry County, Virginia, where he died on December 8, 1808, in his 69th year.
Posted in Local History by Jeff Roberts with 2 comments.
Originally posted at http://www.danielboonetrail.com/historicalsites.php?id=85.
Written by Sally Kelly
The site of Fort Blackmore can be reached from Gate City, Virginia. At the Daniel Boone Wilderness Trail sign in front of the Scott County Courthouse, proceed East (right) on Jackson Street/Rt. 71. After approximately two miles, turn left onto Rt. 72, following signs for the present day community of Fort Blackmore. After about ten miles, you will cross over the Clinch River on a large bridge. Historical Fort Blackmore was on the north bank (far bank), to the left of the bridge. The site is on private property. At the north end of the bridge, on your left, is a monument erected by the DAR which tells about Daniel Boone and his connection with Fort Blackmore. To return to the Daniel Boone Wilderness Trail, turn around and retrace the route.
John Blackmore settled on land at the mouth of Stoney Creek on the Clinch River in 1773. He purchased 518 acres from the Loyal Land Company, and his acreage was surveyed on March 25, 1774 by Captain Daniel Smith, deputy surveyor for Fincastle County. At about the same time, surveys were entered for Isaac Crisman, John Thomas, Dale Carter, and John Blackmore, Jr. John Blackmore came to this area from Fauquier County, Virginia. At this time, Daniel Boone and his family had been living on land owned by David Gass, near Castle’s Woods, some dozen or more miles east; ever since Boone’s son James was killed by Indians as a party of settlers made its attempt to go to Kentucky in October, 1773. Young Boone, on that occasion, was traveling separate from the main party, in company with Henry Russell and others. Russell, son of Captain William Russell, “a Gentleman of Some distinction.” according to Royal Governor Lord Dunmore, was the organizer of that attempt, and Boone was the logician. After the murder, the immigration effort was aborted and some of the settlers returned to the Yadkin, and a few stayed on in the Clinch and Holston settlements.
In the aftermath of the murder of the boys, one of the survivors, one Isaac Crabtree killed an innocent Cherokee at a horse race near what is now Jonesborough, Tennessee. This event, and another brutal slaying by white frontiersmen of the nine members of the Mingo tribe on the Ohio in April of 1774 had stirred the tribes along the frontier into a war-like mood. Those few men taking up land on the Clinch were brave souls for many “families on the river had moved back to safety” according to surveyor Smith. Much of the detail that is known of Fort Blackmore comes from the correspondence of officers of the militia during the following months, in what became known as “Lord Dunmore’s War.”
The commanding officer of the Fincastle County Militia was Colonel William Preston, who resided near what is now Blacksburg, Virginia, on the New River. Officers reporting to him included Captain Russell on the Clinch; Major Arthur Campbell, Fort Shelby – at what is now Bristol; and Captain Daniel Smith, mentioned above. In a letter dated May 24, 1774, Colonel Andrew Lewis, of Augusta County, advised Preston that “Hostilities are actually commenced on the Ohio below Pittsburg.” In a War Council in June at the Lead Mines, near Fort Chiswell on the New River, it was decided to send militia under Colonel William Christian, Augusta County, to aid William Russell; and “at Preston’s instigation, William Russell sent Daniel Boone and Michael Stoner to tell John Floyd and other surveyors to come in from Kentucky. These two left for Kentucky on June 27, 1774.” This mission would first bring the previously obscure Boone’s name to widespread public attention.
It was a tense time among the scattered settlers along the Clinch River. On July 12, Colonel Christian wrote Preston that “four forts [are] erecting in Capt. Russell’s Company; one at Moore’s, four miles below this, another at Blackmore’s 16 Miles above this Place [Castle’s Wood] I am about to station 10 Men at Blackmore’s.” On the 13th, Captain Russell notified Preston “there are four families at John Blackmore’s near the mouth of Stoney Creek, that will never be able to stand it, without a Commd. Of Men, therefore request you, if you think it can be done, to Order them a supply sufficient to enable them to continue the small fortification they have erected.” Thus the fort took the name of the man on whose land it was built.
Captain James Thompson was the first officer put in command of the little fort. Men in the community were quite eager to join Lord Dunmore’s expedition to stop the Indians on the Ohio before they could come into the frontier settlements. Col. Preston had stated, “the plunder of the Country will be valluable. . . . it is said the Shawnese have a great Stock of Horses.” Those in command along the Clinch and Holston had difficulty manning the local forts with many eligible men wishing to go. On August 27, Daniel Boone returned from his mission to Kentucky; and almost immediately begged of Major Campbell to be sent on to Point Pleasant on the Ohio. Lord Dunmore had agreed to meet the forces from back country counties there with men he brought along from Tidewater. Boone set out, but was called back by Captain Russell to help defend the little Clinch River community as officer in command at Moore’s Fort.
On September 21, Captain Thompson went out with those Ohio-bound forces, and Captain David Looney was put in command at Blackmore’s Fort. On September 23 or 24, it was reported that “2 negroes [were] taken prisoner at Blackmore’s Fort, on waters of Clinch River, and a great many horses and cattle were shot down.” Captain Looney was absent, visiting his family on the Holston. Major Campbell wrote Col. Preston on the 29th that “Mr Boon is very diligent at Castle Woods and keeps up good Order. I have reason to believe they have lately been remiss at Blackmores, and the Spys there did not do their duty.” Two days later he wrote “Mr. Boone also informs me that the Indians has been frequently about Blackmores, since the Negroes was taken; And Capt. Looney has so few Men that he cannot venture to go in pursuit of them, having only eleven men.” On the sixth of October Campbell wrote to say that Indians had attacked at Shelby’s Fort without success; and the day after that, he said, was the attack at Fort Blackmore. An alarm of their presence was given by Dale Carter, crying “Murder, Murder!” Ensign John Anderson and John Carter ran out of the fort to help, but Dale Carter was killed and scalped; and the slaves were taken. After this, the people of the area were feeling that they needed a commander who lived on the Clinch. October 13, Captain Smith wrote Col. Preston that he had been shown a paper signed by inhabitants requesting the appointment of Daniel Boone to be Captain and take charge of the Clinch forts. Smith endorsed this request and stated “I do not know of any Objection that could be made to his character which would make you think him an improper person for that office.” Preston immediately promoted him.
Boone treasured his commission and carried it with him always until he was promoted again during the Revolution. Meanwhile, information was beginning to be received in these frontier parts that a battle had been fought at Point Pleasant on the Ohio between the forces of Colonel Andrews and the Indian tribes on October 10. Those forces met up with the Indians before they could join up with Lord Dunmore’s men, and fought a very successful engagement. Shortly thereafter, Dunmore negotiated a peace agreement ending the hostilities at Camp Charlotte. Some portion of the Shawnee nation agreed to give up it hunting rights in Kentucky if settlers would remain below the Ohio River. Local militias were disbanded, and November 21, Daniel Boone was dismissed from his duties. The Cherokee now were the only force with which to be reckoned for the settlement of Kentucky.
Again, Daniel Boone would support a prominent man in a Kentucky settlement venture. Judge Richard Henderson of North Carolina, in late 1774, negotiated with Cherokee chiefs to purchase a large plot on land in Kentucky, irregardless that he could not do so legally; and that the Cherokee had no real claim to the land they sold to him either. He engaged Boone to go among the Cherokee during late 1774 to encourage them to meet at Sycamore Shoals on the Watauga in March, 1775, for the formal agreement and transfer of the goods that would pay for the purchase. Boone returned to the Clinch in early February and gathered some twenty men there to help him blaze the path through Cumberland Gap to the land Henderson wanted. Not all are known, they included Michael Stoner, David Gass, William Bush, and William Hays. It is not unlikely that this group included some of the men from the Fort Blackmore area. Squire Boone brought others from North Carolina and the combined band of trail blazers set out from John Anderson’s Blockhouse, on the North Fork of Holston, on March 10. Boone left the new Kentucky settlement, named Boonesborough in his honor, on June 13, 1775, enroute once more for the Clinch. “Boone set off for his family.” Henderson wrote in his journal. When Daniel arrived there, he found Rebecca about to give birth. In late July, she gave birth to a son, William, who did not survive.
In mid August, Boone and family, and a party of some 50 immigrants set off for Kentucky. Probably some of them were men from the Fort Blackmore area; and the party would certainly have passed the fort, perhaps stopping overnight, in their westward journey. This ends Boone’s association with Fort Blackmore. But the fort continued as a place of refuge for many more years. 1775 was a relatively peaceful year east of Cumberland Gap, but hostilities with the Cherokee came again in 1776. Warriors who did not agree with the chiefs who treated with Richard Henderson, led by one Dragging Canoe, began attacks along the frontier. And there were many Indian attacks in Kentucky that caused large numbers of immigrants to flee back over the Cumberlands to the Clinch, Holston, and Watauga settlements. One such Kentuckian, William Hickman, arrived at Fort Blackmore on the Clinch, where he found other refugees “sporting, dancing, and drinking whiskey in an attempt to forget their fears.” “Things could get pretty rancid.” he said, “after a long period of confinement in a row or two of smoky cabins, among dirty women and men with greased hunting shirts.” In June, two men were killed at the fort. And in September one Jennings and his slave met death at the hands of Indians.
Other forts had been erected along the Powell River, west towards Cumberland Gap, during 1775, including Priests, Mumps, and Martin’s. Col. Joseph Martin’s station was erected in January of that year, and he noted in his journal the stopover of the Henderson party of Kentucky settlers about the first of April. Col. Martin left in May to visit at his home in Virginia. Soon the people from Mump’s and Priest’s were driven out. When there were no more than ten left alive at Martin’s, those men fled to Fort Blackmore, where they found most of the people from the Mump’s and Priest’s forts. In July, 1776, Cherokees in force attacked at the fort at Sycamore Shoals on the Watuaga, and battled local militia at the Battle of Long Island Flats, near present Kingsport, Tennessee. About the same time, one Ambrose Fletcher, living near Fort Blackmore, had his wife and children killed and scalped. Colonel William Christian was again called upon by Col. Preston, this time to put down the Cherokee uprising. Jonathan Jennings of Fort Blackmore, and father of the Jennings who was killed, mentioned above, accompanied that expedition to the Cherokee towns on the Middle Tennessee River. After that, mention of Fort Blackmore in the known historical record becomes scanty.
There is one famous story, dating from 1777, that may or may not be true. Men in the fort heard a turkey gobbling. They wanted to go out hunting, but were prevented by a knowledgeable backwoodsman, one Matthew Gray. He convinced them that they were hearing Indians. He directed the men to create a distraction on the bank of the river, while he snuck across the Clinch. He was able to get where he could see the Indian warrior perched in a tree, making the turkey noises. Mr. Gray dispatched the “turkey” and fled back into the fort with the others. In 1779, John Blackmore and his family left the area to travel with the Donelson party, traveling by flatboat, to settle in middle Tennessee. Donelson mentions meeting up with the Blackmore group at the mouth of Clinch where it joins the Holston, so John Blackmore’s band must have gone down the Clinch by flatboat. Perhaps not all Blackmores left the Clinch – or possibly some came back – for they are mentioned again in April, 1790 in the journal of Methodist Bishop John Asbury. “We rode down to Blackmore’s Station, here the people have been forted on the north side of Clinch. Poor Blackmore had had a son and daughter killed by the Indians. They are of the opinion here that the Cherokees were the authors of this mischief.” Asbury goes on to say he had heard of two families being killed and of one woman being taken prisoner, but retaken by neighbors A few days later, the Bishop traveled on, noting that he “Crossed the Clinch about two miles below the fort. In passing along I saw the precipice from which Blackmore’s unhappy son leaped into the river after receiving the stroke of the tomahawk in his head . . . this happened on the 6th of April 1789.” Indian attacks on settlers along the Clinch, Holston, and Watuaga Rivers did not cease until after 1794, when a half breed, Benge, who had led many of the forays, was killed near what is now Big Stone Gap. Benge committed his last crimes near what is now Mendota, Virginia, on the North Fork of the Holston. He fled, with two captive women, over the Clinch Mountain, Copper Ridge, and, finally, High Knob Mountain before being caught up with.
This route probably took him very near Fort Blackmore. And so, it was right in the middle of Indian unrest from its beginning to its end. Just exactly when it was abandoned as a fort is not known. The land owner believes he is able to point out where the fort stood; but, for the most part, it has disappeared from sight. Its little cemetery is still findable, below the current highway bridge over the river, and to its right, near the bank of the river. Scott Countians who care for old cemeteries keep it cleaned and accessible. Many of its graves are unmarked.
Posted in Local History by Jeff Roberts with 3 comments.
This is the 1850 Federal Census for Lee County, Virginia
Year: 1850 State: Virginia County: Lee Sheet No: 319B
Reel No: M423-955 Division: District 31 Page No: 35
Enumerated on: August 1st, 1850 by: Stephen Crockett
Transcribed by Ellen Finley-Johnson for USGenWeb,
LINE | Dwell Famil | Firstname Lastname | Age S C | Occupation Real V | Birthplace | M(other) S(on) R(oomer) D(aughter) | SNDX | Remarks
33 | 225 238 | Wallen Joseph | 22 M W | Farmer | TN | | J210 |
34 | 225 238 | Wallen Susan | 24 F W | | VA | R | S250 |
35 | 225 238 | Wallen Ruth | 2 F W | | VA | | R300 |
36 | 226 239 | Wallen George | 42 M W | Farmer | TN | R | G620 |
37 | 226 239 | Wallen Elizabeth | 43 F W | | VA | R | E421 |
38 | 227 240 | Roberts Margaret | 45 F W | | VA | R | M626 |
39 | 227 240 | Roberts Jesse | 26 M W | Farmer 75 | VA | | J200 |
40 | 227 240 | Roberts Susan | 24 F W | | VA | R | S250 |
41 | 227 240 | Roberts Lucy | 22 F W | | VA | R | L200 |
42 | 227 240 | Roberts Elizabeth | 20 F W | | VA | R | E421 |
1 | 232 245 | Roberts Margaret | 15 F W | | VA | | M626 |
2 | 232 245 | Roberts James | 10 M W | | VA | | J520 |
3 | 232 245 | Roberts Oma | 8 F W | | VA | | O500 |
4 | 232 245 | Roberts John | 7 M W | | VA | | J500 |
5 | 232 245 | Roberts William | 6 M W | | VA | | W450 |
6 | 232 245 | Roberts Matilda | 3 F W | | VA | | M343 |
7 | 232 245 | Roberts John | 10 M M | | VA | | J500 |
8 | 232 245 | Roberts Mahala | 18 F W | | VA | | M400 |
9 | 233 246 | Willis William | 48 M W | Farmer 400 | TN | R | W450 |
10 | 233 246 | Willis Elizabeth | 44 F W | | DO | R | E421 |
11 | 233 246 | Willis Mary | 23 F W | | VA | R | M600 |
12 | 233 246 | Willis James | 21 M W | | DO | | J520 |
13 | 233 246 | Willis Sarah | 18 F W | | VA | | S600 |
14 | 233 246 | Willis Elizabeth | 16 F W | | VA | | E421 |
15 | 233 246 | Willis Susan | 14 F W | | VA | | S250 |
16 | 233 246 | Willis David | 12 M W | | VA | | D130 |
17 | 233 246 | Willis Lucinda | 10 F W | | DO | | L253 |
18 | 233 246 | Willis Ceem | 8 M W | | DO | | C500 |
19 | 233 246 | Willis Thomas | 6 M W | | DO | | T520 |
20 | 233 246 | Willis William | 4 M W | | DO | | W450 |
21 | 233 246 | Willis Hudson | 3 M W | | DO | | H325 |
22 | 233 246 | Willis Luena | 1 F W | | DO | | L500 |
33 | 236 249 | Willis Joseph | 30 M W | Farmer 350 | VA | R | J210 |
34 | 236 249 | Willis Matilda | 25 F W | | VA | R | M343 |
35 | 236 249 | Willis Elizabeth | 7 F W | | VA | | E421 |
36 | 236 249 | Willis Sarah | 5 F W | | VA | | S600 |
37 | 236 249 | Willis Mary | 3 F W | | VA | | M600 |
38 | 236 249 | Willis Alcey | 2 F W | | VA | | A420 |
Posted in Family History by Jeff Roberts with no comments yet.
Roberts, John 0110010000000-3101100000000 000000-000000 000000-000000 00000 0000 317 19
(1 Free White Males 5-10, 1 Free White Males 10-15, 1 Free White Males 30-40, 3 Free White Females 0-5, 1 Free White Females 5-10, 1 Free White Females 20-30, 1 Free White Females 30-40)
Mom & Dad, 30-40 years old, born @1790-1800
Kids: 2 boys, 5 girls
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(1 Free White Males 0-5, 3 Free White Males 5-10, 1 Free White Males 30-40, 1 Free White Females 0-5, 1 Free White Females 20-30)
Mom, 20-30 years old, born @1800-1810, & Dad, 30-40 years old, born @@1790-1800
Kids: 4 boys, 1 girl
Roberts, Aron 0130010000000-1100010000000 000000-000000 000000-000000 00000 0000 317 14
Roberts, Emanuel 2000100000000-0000100000000 000000-000000 000000-000000 00000 0000 318 9
Roberts, Lewis 1100100000000-1210100000000 000000-000000 000000-000000 00000 0000 317 15
Roberts, Margrett 1100000000000-1000100000000 000000-000000 000000-000000 00000 0000 318 6
Roberts, Nancy 0100000000000-1120001000000 000000-000000 000000-000000 00000 0000 318 26
Roberts, Philip 2000001000000-1202010000000 000000-000000 000000-000000 00000 0000 318 11
Roberts, Rachel 1000000000000-1100100000000 000000-000000 000000-000000 00000 0000 318 5
Roberts, Thomas 1110010000000-0110010000000 000000-000000 000000-000000 00000 0000 318 8
Posted in Family History by Jeff Roberts with no comments yet.
These are in alphabetical order and not in the order enumerated. You will have to consult original or microfilm copies of these lists for more information. Spellings are as they appeared.
A-F G-M N-Z
Abshear, John George, William Naper, Robert
Adams, Elisha Gibbs, James Napier, Edmond
Adams, Peter Gibbs, Michael Napier, Edmund Jr
Allen , William Gibbs, William Napier, Patrick
Allen, James Gibson, George Jr Neille, Daniel
Allen, John Gibson, George Sr Neille, Jeremiah
Alsup, William Gibson, Matthew Neille, William
Anglin, Abner Gibson, Robert Nelson, Joshua
Anglin, John Jr Gibson, Zacheriah Nethercut, William
Anglin, John Sr Gilbert, James Nichols, William Sr
Applegate, Hezekiah Jr Gilbert, Joseph Noe, Aquila
Applegate, Hezekiah Sr Gilbert, Nancy Noe, Charles
Ash, Daniel Gilbert, Thomas Noe, David
Ashinhurst, John Giles, John Noe, james
Averhart, Charles Gillam, Richard Noe, John Sr
Bailey, James Gillam, William Noe, Randolph
Bailey, William Gilly, Francis Noe, Samuel
Baldwin, Nicholas Gilly, John Nottingham, James
Ball, George Goff, Felix Nowlin, Stephen
Ball, Mary Goff, George Nowlin, Thomas
Ball, Moses Goff, Thomas Osburn, Edmund
Ballinger, John Graham, William Osburn, Elias
Barby, Mary Graybeel, Jacob Osburn, John
Barnett, Abner Grey, Jackson Owens, Phebe
Barnett, James Grey, James Owens, Robert
Barnett, Joshua Grey, Mary Owens, Washington
Beatty, Edward Grey, William Owins, John
Beatty, Martin Greybeel, John Page, John
Beatty, Patrick Griffen, Israel Page, Peter
Beatty, Richard Griffin, John Parker, John
Benham, Mary Griffin, Stephen Parrott, Mouring
Bennett, Levi Grimes, William Parsons, John
Bevers, Sampson Grimmet, William Parsons, Samuel
Bishop, Abner Guttery, Hugh Paulk, Jacob
Bishop, Elijah Guttery, John Payne, James
Bishop, John Jr Guttery, Milam Payne, John
Bishop, Peter Gwynn, James Peek, George
Bishop, Thomas Hale, Benjamin Peery, Jacob
Blakemore, James Hale, John Pennington, Edward
Blakemore, Joseph Hale, Richard Pennington, Micajah
Blakemore, Thomas Hall, Amy Pennington, Micajah Jr
Blanton, George Hall, David Pew, Joseph
Blanton, John Hall, Jacob Pew, William
Blare, Elsie Hall, John Pillion, John
Bledsoe, Abram Hall, Thomas Plank, Christian
Bledsoe, Thomas Halpane, John Porter, Thomas
Blessing, Henry Hamilton, Thomas Poteet, William
Blevins, James Hamlin, Champ Powell, William
Bluebaugh, Jacob Hamlin, Charles Powers, Jesse
Boggs, Eli Hamlin, Henry Preston, John
Boggs, Hugh Hamlin, John Prigmore, Theodorus
Boggs, James Hamlin, Paschal Provo, James
Boggs, John Hampton, John Qualls, David
Boucher, Robert Hampton, Thomas Randals, Daniel
Bowins, Reuben Hampton, Wade Randolph, Willoughby
Bowlin, Michael Hampton, William Rap, Daniel
Bowlin, William Hardister, Thomas Razor, Frederick
Bowyer, Samuel Hardy, Thomas Razor, Michal
Bowzer, George Hardy, William Razor, William
Breeding, Jeremiah Harmon, Peter Redmond, George
Brianu, William Harris, James Reilly, Edward
Brittain, James Harris, Matthew Rice, Holiman
Brittain, William Harris, William Ritter, John
Broadrick, William Hatfield, Abner Roberts, William Jr
Brown , Thomas Hatfield, George Roberts, William Sr
Brown, Leeroi Hatfield, Lynch Robertson, Absalom
Brown, Michal Hays, William Robertson, John
Brown, William Hayslip, Henry Robertson, Warren
Brown, William Hayslip, Joel Robinett, James
Bruner, John Hayslip, Robert Rodgers, James
Bunch, Elijah Head, George Rodgers, Thomas
Burchett, Burrell Head, Joseph Rollen, George
Burchett, John Helton, John Roller, Gasper
Burgin, Isaac Hemphill, Joseph Roller, Jacob
Burgin, James Hicks, James Roller, John
Burgin, John Hicks, Jane Root, John
Burke, David Hicks, John Rose, George
Burke, James Hignight, James Ross, David
Burns, Dennis Hill, James Rowland, Doudle
Buttern, William Hix, Samuel Rowland, Matthew
Calaham, John Hobbs, Absalom Rowland, Michal
Calypool, John Hogan, William Russell, David
Campbell, James Hoover, Jacob Russell, James
Campbell, James Sr Hoover, John Russell, John Jr
Campbell, John Hoston, Joel Russell, John Sr
Campbell, Matthew Howard, John Russell, William
Cannon, James Howard, Samuel Sage, Sampson
Carns, John Howe, William Sampson, Charles
Carrol, Augustus Howell, Berry Sampson, Joseph
Carrol, James Howpt, Anthony Sayers, William
Carter, Charles Howpt, Henry Scott, Isaac
Casebolt, John Howpt, Valentine Scott, Nimrod
Casebolt, Thomas Hubbard, Isham Scott, Samuel
Caudle, David Hubbard, Joel Scott, Thomas
Chadwell, David Jr Hudnell, Richard Shamlin, James
Chadwell, David Sr Huff, Charles Shamlin, William
Chadwell, John Huff, James Sharp, Benjamin
Chadwell, William Huff, William Sr Sharp, Debo
Chapman, John Hughes, Oliver Sharp, James
Chrisman, Gabriel Hunley, James Shelton, Jeremiah
Chrisman, Nimrod Hunley, Thomas Shepherd, James
Christy, Samuel Husk, Jesse Shepherd, Sampson
Chuk, William Huston, William Shepherd, Thomas Sr
Clack (or Clark?), John Hutchinson, Alexander Shepherd, William
Clark, Jesse Hyden, James Shepperd, Thomas
Clarke, Francis Hyden, James Short, David
Clarke, Robert Hyden, John Shuah, George
Clarkson, Thomas Hyden, William Shumate, Mark
Claypool, David Hyden, William Simms, Robert Jr
Cloud, John Hynes, Matthias Sims, James
Coger, Joseph Ingrum, Job Sims, Micajah
Coldiron, Henry Ingrum, Silas Sims, Roberts
Cole, Adam Ingrum, Thomas Sims, William
Cole, Matthew Irby, Francis Sisk, Daniel
Collier, Aron Isaac, Caleb Skidmore, Henry
Collier, Randolph Ison, Gideon Skidmore, John Jr
Collier, Shadrach Jane, James Skidmore, John Sr
Collins, Absalom Jane, Stephen Skidmore, Thomas
Collins, Daniel Jenkins, Robert Sloan, Reuben
Collins, James Joans, Alexander Sloan, Thomas
Collins, John Johnson, John Smith, Absalom
Collins, Martin Jones, Abram Smith, Benjamin
Collins, Mitchel Jones, James Smith, David
Collins, Solomon Jones, Jonathan Smith, David
Collinsworth, Edmond Jones, Samuel Smith, Edward
Comer, Martin Jones, Stephen Smith, George
Connolly, Charles Jones, Thomas Smith, John
Connor, James Jones, William Smith, Mial
Coop, John Jones, Wylie Smith, Reddin
Cooper, John Kelly, John Smith, Theophilus
Cooper, Jonathan Kennedy, Stephen Smith, William
Cooper, Samuel Kincaid, James Smith, William
Cooper, William King, James Smith, William
Corry ?, James King, Joel Snider, Barnett
Covy, Noble Kirk, Willie Souders, Abram
Cowan, Richard Knotts, Thomas Souders, Elizabeth
Cox, John Lambert, John Souders, Henry
Cox, William Lane, Michal Souders, Jonathan
Crabtree, Jacob Latham, John Souders, Peter
Crabtree, Job Lawrence, Charles Spears, Joshua
Crabtree, John Lawrence, Richard Spears, Robert
Craig, Hiram Lawson, David Spencer, Aron
Craig, William (con.) Lawson, Hutson Spencer, John Sr
Creech, Elijah Lawson, John Spencer, Joseph
Creech, Elisha Lawson, Moorman Spencer, Moses
Creech, John Lawson, Stokely Spencer, William
Creech, Jonathan Lawson, Thomas Spencer, William
Creech, Zadock Leddington, Thomas Spilman, Samuel
Daniel, John Lewis, John Spurlock, Drury
Daniel, William Lewis, Thomas Spurlock, Jesse
Davis, Benjamin Lewis, William Standerford, William
Davis, David Likings, Peter Stanly, John
Davis, Deale Litteral, Abigal Stephens, David
Davis, John Litteral, John Stephens, Gilbert
Davis, John Litteral, Samuel Stephens, Solomon
Dawson, Nimrod Little, Eb. Stuart, David
Dean, Laban Locke, Abram Stuart, James
Deaton, John Locke, Samuel Stuart, Thomas
Denham, Philip Louder, William Sullivan, Owen
Dickinson, Daniel Lucus, Raspberry Summers, Daniel
Dixon, John Macfarlane, George Sutton, Smith
Dizzern, Elisha Macfarlane, John S. Tackett, Philip
Dizzern, Francis Maddin, George Tausser, Henry
Dizzern, Frederick Mahon, Joseph Taylor, John
Dottson, Edward Mainos, Jacob Tharp, William
Dottson, Simon Mark, John Thomas, Joseph
Dougherty, John Mark, samuel Thompson, Electius
Dougherty, Joseph Markham, Reuben Thompson, Henry
Dougherty, Nathaniel Markham, Samuel Thompson, Jonathan
Dougherty, William Marshal, David Thompson, Joshua
Duff, James Marshal, Hugh Thompson, Stephen
Duff, Robert Marshall, Thomas Thompson, William
Duff, Robert L. Martin, Allen Tipton, Jonathan
Dunlop, John Martin, Hatfield Tittle, David
Dyches, James Martin, John Todd, Elizabeth
Earls, Charles Martin, John Sr Towell, John
Edwards, Jesse Matlock, William Townsend, George
Edwards, John Mattock, John Travis, George
Eli, George Mattock, John Sr Travis, James
Eli, Isaac McBriant, Joseph Tritt, Elizabeth
Eli, John McCaleb, Isaac Trotter , Isaac
Eli, Joseph McCelland, Hugh Trotter, James Jr
Eli, Robert McCord, Benjamin S ? Trotter, James Sr
Eli, William Jr McCully, Hugh Trotter, John
Eller, George Jr McCully, Reuben Turner, James
Eller, George Sr McDewell, John Turner, Jonas
Eller, John (con) McDowell, Edward Turner, Joseph
Ely, David McDowell, John Tyre, David
England, John McDowell, Luke Vernon, John
Ewing, Joshua McDowell, Michal Waddle, David
Ewing, nathaniel McGee, John Waddle, James
Ewing, Samuel McGee, Samuel Waddle, Thomas
Ewing, William McGuire, Francis Walker, Robert
Failing, Thomas Mcheon, John Wallen, Elisha
Farlor, Farost McInnelly, John Wallen, James
Farlor, Francis McKinney, John Sr Wallen, James Jr
Farlor, William McKinney, Michal Wallen, John Jr
Ferguson, Elisha McKinny, Abram Wallen, John Sr
Ferguson, John McKinny, David Wallen, Jospeh
Ferguson, Obadia McKinny, James Warner, John
Files, Manly McKinny, John Jr Warren, Aron
Flanery, James McKinny, Shadrack Warren, Thomas
Flanery, John McMillan, Andrew Watson, Hezekiah
Flanery, John Jr McQuown, Hugh (Jr?) Watson, Thomas
Flanery, Thomas McSpadden, Archibald Watson, William
Fleming, Robert Miles, James Waughtel, Frederick
Fletcher, David Miles, David Sr Weaver, William
Fletcher, Drury Miles, Wright Wells, Jacob
Fletcher, George Miller, Henry Wells, Jeremiah
Fletcher, James Miller, Joseph Wells, Thomas
Fletcher, James Jr Miller, William Wells, Zachariah Sr
Fletcher, Jesse Minx, Peter Welsh, Joseph
Flin, George Miracle, Abram West, Charles
Flin, Jacob Miracle, Frederick Whaley, Hercules
Flin, Martin Miracle, John Wicker, Evan
Fortnu, Richard Moore, David Wicker, Pleasant
France, William Moore, David Wilcox, George
Frigate, James Moore, George W. Wilcox, Sarah
Fritz, John Moore, Shadrack Williams, Isaac
Fukle, Absalom Morgan, Zacharia Williams, John
Fulkerson, Abram Morriss, Joseph Williams, Jospeh
Fulkerson, Frederic Muncy, Francis Willis, John
Fulkerson, Isaac Muncy, James Wilson, Catharine
Fulkerson, John Muncy, Peter Wilson, William
Fulkerson, Peter Muncy, Samuel Wissman , Philip
Muran, Samuel Wissman, Michal
Posted in Family History by Jeff Roberts with no comments yet.
1795 Lee County, Virginia Personal Property Tax List
|Surname||Given Name||White Males 16+||Blacks 12-16||Black Males 16+||Horses, Mares, Colts & Mules|
Posted in Family History by Jeff Roberts with 3 comments.
by W. Dale Carter, copyright 2002, Kingsport, TN
The small community of Blackwater has been mostly unnoticed by historians of southwest Virginia. It was given its name of Blackwater by the first hunters that ventured into the area perhaps as early as the 1750s.
At that period of time, a spring or stream that contained minerals such as common table salt was referred to as Blackwater [Etymology: “The history of linguistic form”] The term brackish water derives from the Low Saxon word brackwater, which is the water of a brack. A brack is a small lake created when a storm tide breaks a dike and floods land behind the dike. Low Saxon (in Low Saxon, Plattdüütsch, Nedderdüütsch or Neddersassisch) is any of a variety of Low German dialects spoken in northern Germany and the Netherlands. It also includes Plautdietsch, which is spoken by Mennonites in North America.
Blackwater is located at the crossroads of the old trading route from the Cumberland River to the Cherokee nation in East Tennessee and the old hunters trace from the New River to Kentucky. Today, Blackwater is an isolated community as to commerce and transportation, but it was not so isolated in the mid eighteenth century due to the large Buffalo lick. Over the eons of time, herds of buffalo had carved out trails radiating out from the lick to the grazing meadows in Powell Valley, Rye Cove, and south to the Clinch River valley. Herd animals would travel great distances to a salt lick to replenish their need for salt, an essential mineral in their diet. A salt lick is a site where the soil and rocks contain a natural deposit of salt and was called a lick because the animals would lick the soil or rocks to a depth of several feet to satisfy their need for this essential element.
A salt lick was the favorite hunting site of the Indians and long hunters. The hunters would position themselves at strategic points along the trails the animals traveled to the lick and make their kill. Numerous historical records of the frontier give accounts of the well known licks such as the Bledsoe lick in Sumner County Tennessee, the Blue lick in central Kentucky and the French lick in southern Indiana, but little is known about the large lick at Blackwater. Perhaps this is because the Blackwater lick was discovered at least a quarter of a century before the licks in Sumner County in Tennessee, Kentucky, and Indiana and by the time of their discovery the pressure of hunting at the Blackwater lick had depleted the size of the herd animals to near extinction; however, the trails carved out by buffalo remained and were used by the hunters as the choice route leading from the frontier to Kentucky. The long hunters knew about the lick as early as 1761, and it was a landmark on the old hunters path from the New River to Powell Valley.
Land records tell us much about the route the hunters took to seek game around the large salt lick and the grazing grounds in Lee County. The Hunters path is well defined until it reaches the little salt lick, Duffield, but from this point little is known about the route to Powell Valley; however, the land surveyors made notations on their surveys that give clues as to the route of the path. A land grant to Arthur Campbell [LO 45-325] describes the location of the grant as being at the Hunters Gap in Lee County and on both sides of the Hunters path. This tells us that the Hunters path ran along the south side of Powell Mountain from Duffield to Blackwater and crossed the mountain at Hunters Gap. The path ran down Wallen creek to near it mouth on Powell river where again the land surveys pick up the route of the Hunters path.
Another grant to Arthur Campbell [LO Q-318] is described as being on the south side of the Powell River and on both sides of the Hunters path. This grant is located about one mile west southwest of where Wallen Creek flows into Powell river. The Campbell grant [LO Q-318] is adjoined on the west side by a land grant to Robert Preston [LO 27-57]. The Preston grant is described as lying on both sides of the Hunters path. From this information, we know that the Hunters path ran from near the mouth of Wallen Creek across the area known as the Rob bottoms and crossed the Powell River at White shoals. Again, the surveys tell us that the path ran in a north or northwest direction from White shoals as a grant to Robert Preston [LO 27-41]is described as lying on the west side of trading creek and one of the survey points is described as “white oak south side of the old Kentucky trace on John Ewing line with same”. From this point, the path or trace ran to Martins station but the exact route cannot be proven by land records.
Records show that Elisha Wallin and William Newman hunted around the Blackwater buffalo lick as early as 1761. Wallins Ridge and Newman Ridge were named after them. Other long hunters surely knew about the lick. Evidence of the buffalo trails remains on modern maps by the names of geographic features such as hunters ford, hunters valley, hunters gap and hunters branch. No doubt the long hunters in quest of game followed the herd animal paths from their favorite grazing grounds to the salt licks. There were many small licks in the area used by deer and other small game, but needs of the herd animals would require the mineral deposits of a much larger lick such as the Buffalo Lick at Blackwater.
The importance of the Blackwater lick is clearly pointed out by the claims of the land speculators. As early as 1775, Thomas Osburn had settled on land adjoining the Buffalo lick and obtained a land grant from the Commonwealth of Virginia by virtue of Right of Settlement. “Washington County Survey Book 1,Page 389 Commissioners Certificate – on the forks of black water a north branch of Clynch River – beginning at the foot of Powells Mountain on the west side of the Buffalow Lick – at the foot of Newman’s ridge on both sides black water joining Powells Mountain, includes improvements, actual settlement made in 1775 – August 22, 1781”.
The name Blackwater appears in land claims as early as 1775, and the name was known far and wide. Claims were filed in the Virginia Land Office and the North Carolina Land Office for land at Blackwater so hunters from North Carolina and Virginia had spread the word about the large buffalo lick at the Blackwater. From the North Carolina Archives, we find that Walter and Robert King filed an entry with the North Carolina Land Office for 250 acres that was to include an old buffalo lick. “Recorded in North Carolina Land Office File No 28 Hawkins County records. Walter King & Robert King make entry No 1947 entered 12 Oct 1779,250 acres near the foot of Powell mountain by the name of Black Water: Beginning near the creek at a poplar, white oak, poplar s;150 poles to a stake, then W;280 poles to a stake, then n;150 poles to a stake, to include an old Buffalo Lick, surveyed 16 Sep 1793. Thomas Church assigned his interest in the Wilkins land to William Hord and Hord assigned it to Walter King & Robert King 1 Nov 1792”.
In the meantime, Walter Preston was issued a land grant from Virginia that bordered the Thomas Osborne grant and included the buffalo lick. To further complicate the issue Arthur Campbell also obtained a grant from Virginia that included the buffalo lick, all of the Thomas Osborne grant and much of the Preston grant. Apparently Preston ended up as the legitimate owner as he sold his grant to James White. The heirs of Campbell made an effort to reclaim their Blackwater grant, but I find no record that they were successful. The Thomas Osborn grant ended up under the ownership of James and Stephen Osborn. A deed recorded in Lee County Deed Book 3, page 189: “Stephen Osborn & Comfort & James Osborn & Mary to William Roberts, 31 Jul 1810, DB 3-189. 400A by survey only the 1/2 of the Buffalo lick excepted for James Osborn the same being the west side of the said lick running through the middle thereof with the conditional line made by John Osborn & Roberts from thence marked around the lick on or near the bank of the same $650”.
This deed shows that James Osborn reserved for himself ½ interest in the salt lick when the Thomas Osborn grant was sold to William Roberts. Apparently the lick site was developed as a salt works as a deed made 29 December 1817 and recorded in Lee County Deed Book 3, page 399, shows that William Roberts and his wife, Catherine sold ¼ part of a tract known as the Blackwater tract, to Jessee G. Rainey. “Being a part of tract said Roberts purchased of James & Stephen Osburn. Including the lick premises and well, now occupied by said parties together and including 100 acres”. The deed shows that by the year 1817 a well had been dug at the salt lick site. On 5 June 1818 William Roberts and wife sold 1/8 part including the lick premises and well recorded in Lee County Deed Book 3, page 405, and on 12 May 1818 William Roberts and wife sold ½ interest of the lick tract to Joseph and James McReynolds of Bledsoe County, Tennessee for $3,000. Recorded in Lee County Deed Book 3, page 406. The McReynolds deed shows that something of great potential lay within the boundary of the tract. At that point in time, land in and around Blackwater was selling for $1 to $2.50 per acre. The McReynolds paid $60 per acre.
From this time forward, the land records do not show what happened as to the ownership of the salt lick tract; however, on 19 January 1835, by order of the Lee County court, Jacob V Fulkerson, commissioner of the court, sold one moity of the Blackwater salt lick to Dale Carter of Russell County, Virginia. Carter was a large land owner and land speculator who owned large tracts in the Elk Garden and in present-day Wise County, Virginia.
Why all the interest in the buffalo lick? Most likely these early land speculators had visions of developing the site as a salt works much like the one at Saltville. In fact, a salt works was operated at Blackwater for a period of time.
In conclusion, the first white traders with the Indians and the long hunters used the buffalo lick at Blackwater as a well known land mark to describe the route from the frontier to the hunting grounds in Powell Valley and Kentucky. The buffalo paths from the grazing grounds led to the lick. Daniel Boone in his aborted journey to Kentucky in 1773 most likely used the hunters path to the Powell river. It was a route well known to him and other hunters. The Boone party consisted of some forty individuals, pack horses and a small herd of cattle. A party this large would have had to follow a well-defined Buffalo trail to keep some order to their journey.
Lee County Order Book 2, page 364 27 Jan 1818; David Burk proposes an alteration in the road leading from the Blackwater salt works up Blackwater to the state line.
Lee County Order Book 2, page 374, 29 Apr 1818: John B Neil, Elisha Rogers; Thomas Roberts; William Wallin and David Lawson view a road from the forks below the Blackwater salt works to John B Neils.
Posted in Family History, Local History by Jeff Roberts with 10 comments.
One day, my grandpas Fred Roberts and Claude Baker and my great uncles Ed and Bascum Roberts were riding over Wallen’s Ridge in their wagon. As they came around a bend, grandpas Fred and Claude noticed a group of men back in the brush. One of them came limping out onto the road and said, “As you can see, I’m crippled.” Obviously, he was hoping to get a ride on the wagon. Grandpas Roberts and Baker ignored the man, knowing that he was up to no good. Great uncle Bascum, being a kind hearted soul, if not the brightest one, got out of the wagon to walk beside the man and talk to him.
Knowing that he was up to no good, grandpa Roberts got his shotgun out and quietly handed it over to grandpa Baker. Grandpa Baker sat on the back of the wagon with the shotgun to make sure that the man and his friends didn’t give Bascum any trouble. As grandpa Baker told it, “There weren’t no trouble.”
Eventually, the man stopped walking and bid them goodbye. He didn’t appear to have a limp as he walked back to his friends.
Posted in Family Stories by Jeff Roberts with no comments yet.
My grandpa, Fred Roberts, was known for many things. But a sense of humor wasn’t one of them. As my dad puts it, “He didn’t say much. But he meant what he said.”
One day great grandpa Elbert’s family were visiting some relatives. Their cousins were a little mean, and decided it would be fun to throw the Robertses into a nearby river. After they had thrown grandpa’s brothers and father in, they came to him.
He immediately pulled out his large hawkbill knife (used for grading tobacco) and told them, “The first man that touches me, I’ll cut him hip-to-hip”.
Needless to say, grandpa did not get thrown in the river that day.
Posted in Family Stories by Jeff Roberts with 3 comments.
My great uncle Ed Roberts was known for his strength. One day, he, great uncle Bascum Roberts, grandpa Fred Roberts and grandpa Claude Baker were at the top of Powell Mountain loading tanbark into a wagon. When they tried to leave, the rear, right wagon wheel got hung on a root. Confident of his strength, Ed tried to raise the wagon full of tanbark over the root. He couldn’t do it. Grandpa Roberts walked up to the wagon and as if it weren’t anything, lifted the wagon up over the root.
Posted in Family Stories by Jeff Roberts with no comments yet.
From: Pathfinders, Pioneers, & Patriots
originally posted at http://www.ancientfaces.com/research/story/383170
Born in 1732 in Prince George County, Maryland, Elisha Wallen was to become an important character in the history of the settlement of the West.
He stood about 5’10” tall and weighed about 180 lbs., was squarely built, and had a dark complexion with rough features. Although he had little education, he was quick witted, easy-going, and very honest and disciplined. He lived entirely by hunting, and the knowledge he acquired on his expeditions did much to encourage settlers to follow.
In 1761, as soon as the Cherokee were pacified, Wallen gathered a group of relatives and friends for a big hunt far beyond the settlements in the valleys of the New River. With him were his father-in-law, brother-in-law, William and Jack Blevins, Henry Skaggs, Walter Newman, Charles Cox, and about a dozen other trained woodsmen (including Daniel Boone, who traveled with the party to Wolfe Hills, (Abingdon, Va.) ). They crossed the Blue Ridge Mtns., into the road leading beyond the New River and ranged into the hidden coves and valleys of the Holston, Clinch, and Powell Rivers. They followed buffalo paths to big licks, wandered up and down streams, and crossed rugged mountains. And they found a veritable hunter’s paradise. They feasted on the game and collected many skins and furs for the Eastern Market. In camp they built pole scaffolds several feet above the ground on which they piled their pelts. A pole on top kept the skins packed together. An elk or buffalo hide, or strips of bark protected them from the weather. When enough were collected, the men folded and packed the pelts in bales weighing 50 – 100 pounds. Two bales made a horseload.
Their trip lasted for 18 months and covered much of the wild region between Long Island and Cumberland Gap – the country later traversed by the Wilderness Road. They named many ridges and streams. Wallen himself is remembered by Wallen’s Ridge and at least two Wallins’ Creeks.
Newman’s Ridge was named for Walter Newman, a member of the party. Wallen’s men changed Walker’s Beargrass River to Powell River, because of the frequency with which they came upon “A.Powell” – carved by Thomas Walker’s companion on beech trees along the bank. It is also likely that they changed the name of “Cave Gap”, to “Cumberland Gap”.to conform with the name by which the mountains were now being called.
In 1762, he participated in a second Long Hunt, travelling through Flower Gap to the New River. From there he proceeded over Iron Mountain at Blue Springs, down the South Fork of the Holston River and on to Elk Garden. Between Jonesville and Rogersville, he made a “station camp” for his hunting party to use as a base for their hunting.
In 1763, he went on his 3rd hunt, with approximately the same group as before. They followed the old trail through Cumberland Gap and trapped on the headwaters of the Cumberland River, in South Eastern Kentucky – notably “Stinking Creek”, a tributary of the Cumberland, often mentioned in the annals of the Wilderness Road. They extended their hunt to Rock Castle Country, and Westward until they encountered flatter land. They came to a large crab orchard at some great springs. That spot, still known as Crab Orchard, became a significant point on the Wilderness Road. News of Wallen’s profitable long hunts, stimulated others on the border. The fur trade was attractive and became an important way for settlers to supplement their income when crops were in.
In 1767, he was elected Captain of the County Militia under Major Theophilas Lay.
Later in his life he built a cabin and resided near his Wallen’s Station between Kyles’ Ford and Jonesville, Va.
Posted in Family History, Local History by Jeff Roberts with 1 comment.